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教育头条 > 小学语文 > 四年级语文上册,第三单元《雪梅》知识点梳理

四年级语文上册,第三单元《雪梅》知识点梳理

小学语文 10-16 浏览量: 分享:
语文的学习绝对不是一日之功,要靠平时的积累。那么小学生怎样才能学好语文呢?三好网小编整理了四年级语文上册,第三单元 第9课《雪梅》知识点梳理,具体详情如下:
 

9.雪梅

【宋】卢梅坡 

梅雪争春未肯降,

骚人阁笔费评章。

梅须逊雪三分白,

雪却输梅一段香。


译文

梅花和雪花都认为各自占尽了春色,谁也不肯服输。难坏了诗人,难写评判文章。说句公道话,梅花须逊让雪花三分晶莹洁白,雪花却输给梅花一段清香。


注释

1.卢梅坡,宋诗人。生卒年不详。"梅坡"不是他的名字,而是他自号为梅坡。

2.降(xiáng),服输。

3.骚人:诗人。

4.阁笔:放下笔。

5.阁,同"搁"放下。

6.一段香:一片香。

7.评章,评议的文章,这里指评议梅与雪的高下。


作者简介

卢梅坡,南宋诗人,"梅坡"不是他的名字,而是他自号为梅坡。诗风平易。宋陈著《本堂集》录其诗一首,宋陈景沂《全芳备祖》录其诗一首,元蒋正子《山房随笔》录其诗两首,《宋诗纪事》从《后村千家诗》录其诗两首,《全宋诗》录其诗十二首。《全宋词》录其词《鹊桥仙》等四首。

赏析

古今不少诗人往往把雪、梅并写。雪因梅,透露出春的信息,梅因雪更显出高尚的品格。如毛泽东《卜算子·咏梅》中就曾写道:"风雨送春归,飞雪迎春到。已是悬崖百丈冰,犹有花枝俏。俏也不争春,只把春来报。待到山花烂漫时,她在丛中笑。"

雪、梅都成了报春的使者、冬去春来的象征。

但在诗人卢梅坡的笔下,二者却为争春发生了"磨擦",都认为各自占尽了春色,装点了春光,而且谁也不肯相让。这种写法,实在是新颖别致,出人意料,难怪诗人无法判个高低。

诗的后两句巧妙地托出二者的长处与不足:梅不如雪白,雪没有梅香,回答了"骚人阁笔费评章"的原因,也道出了雪、梅各执一端的根据。

读完全诗,我们似乎可以看出作者写这首诗是意在言外的:借雪梅的争春,告诫我们人各有所长,也各有所短,要有自知之明。取人之长,补己之短,才是正理。这首诗既有情趣,也有理趣,值得咏思。

解读
宋代卢梅坡的这首《雪梅》,是咏物说理诗中的一篇精品。尤其是对梅花的评语,可谓入木三分,非梅之知音不可然也。这首诗咏物贴切自然,合乎情理, 说理精辟深刻,很有启发性。

诗人在首句"梅雪争春未肯降"中巧用一个"争"字,运用拟人的写法,就把梅、雪为争春发生的"摩擦",双方都认为自己各自占尽春色,装点了春光,而且谁也不肯让谁的情态,淋漓尽致地描绘了出来。在写法上新颖别致,出人意料。

诗的后两句"梅须逊雪三分白,雪却输梅一段香。"是对"骚人阁笔费评章"原因的回答,也道出了雪、梅各执一端的根据,并且巧妙地写出了二者的长处与不足:梅不如雪白,雪没有梅香,蕴含着深刻的哲理。借用梅雪争春告诉人们:人各有所长,各有所短,要互相欣赏,懂得取长补短,才能达到更完美的境界。


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