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教育头条 > 初中家长 > 鸡东中毒事件死亡人数升至8人,事件系米酵菌酸引起

鸡东中毒事件死亡人数升至8人,事件系米酵菌酸引起

初中家长 10-13 浏览量: 分享:
10月12日,黑龙江卫健委发布鸡东中毒事件中毒原因,在玉米面中检出高浓度米酵菌酸,同时在患者胃液中亦有检出,初步定性为由椰毒假单胞菌污染产生米酵菌酸引起的食物中毒事件。米酵菌酸十分耐高温,大量食用后死亡率高达40%—100%。三好网学管老师提醒:为预防米酵菌酸中毒请大家慎防!


易产生米酵菌酸毒素的
温度条件和食品种类

当前季节气候宜人,气温在25-35摄氏度之间,这种气温下椰毒假单胞菌最易繁殖,尤其在谷类发酵制品(如湿河粉、湿米粉、发酵玉米面、糯玉米汤圆粉、玉米淀粉、发酵糯小米、吊浆粑、糍粑、醋凉粉等)、变质银耳和木耳、薯类制品(如马铃薯粉条、甘薯面、山芋淀粉等)等三类食品中,容易被环境中的椰毒假单胞菌污染,如果储存不当或时间过长,细菌繁殖产生米酵菌酸毒素,导致食物中毒。


消费者选购上述食品
要选择正规渠道

要认真阅读产品标签,注意感官和保质期,贮存要注意保存条件和时间。


选购指引

选购河粉、米粉(线)尤其是散装称重的湿河粉、米粉(线)要确认产品生产日期、保质期,湿河粉、米粉(线)须当天食用完。

在选购木耳或谷类发酵制品时,要选取具备正规资质的食品经营者进行购买,同时要注意销售环境的卫生状况,选购有生产许可的正规产品,并注意产品标签上的生产日期、保质期和储存条件。

餐饮服务经营者及单位食堂在购进上述食品时,还应进一步做好进货查验及索证索票工作,确保来源可溯,并储存在阴凉、通风干燥处。
 

家庭防止米酵菌酸毒素中毒
要注意贮存时间和操作卫生

自制谷类发酵食品、泡发木耳或银耳和谷类发酵制品贮存不当或贮存时间过长,容易产生米酵菌酸毒素,加热食用后仍可以引起食物中毒。一般应在谷类发酵制品购买、木耳或银耳泡发当天食用完。不要食用自采鲜银耳或鲜木耳,特别是已变质的鲜银耳或木耳。


出现可疑症状
立即就诊

米酵菌酸毒素引起的食物中毒发病急,潜伏期一般为30分钟-12小时,少数长达1-2天。


主要表现

上腹部不适、恶心、呕吐、轻微腹泻、头晕、全身无力。重者出现黄疸、肝肿大、皮下出血、呕血、血尿、少尿、意识不清、烦燥不安、惊厥、抽搐、休克甚至死亡,一般无发热。

如果怀疑发生疑似中毒,必须要立即停止食用可疑食品,尽快催吐,排出胃内容物,以减少毒素的吸收和对机体的损伤;并及时送医院救治,对症治疗。


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