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教育头条 > 小学语文 > 二年级语文上册,识字《田家四季歌》知识要点梳理

二年级语文上册,识字《田家四季歌》知识要点梳理

小学语文 09-30 浏览量: 分享:
       小学阶段正是夯实语文基础的最佳时机,基础不牢的影响也是一个持续性的过程,将会影响到孩子将来的学习。今天三好网资深语文老师为同为们整理了二年级语文上册,识字《田家四季歌》知识要点梳理,一起来学习吧!

《田家四季歌》知识要点梳理

我会写:
季jì(季节、四季、春季)
吹chuī(吹气、吹牛、吹风)
肥féi(肥胖、肥牛、又肥又大)
农nóng(农田、农民、农事)
忙máng(忙碌、帮忙、不慌不忙)
归guī(回归、归还、归来)
戴dài(爱戴、穿戴、拥戴)
辛xīn(辛苦、辛勤、艰辛)
苦kǔ(苦战、苦学、苦读)
年nián(年级、过年、年会)

我会认:
蝴hú(蝴蝶、蝴蝶花)
蝶dié(蝶泳、蜂飞蝶舞)
麦mài(麦苗、小麦、麦子)
苗miáo(火苗、禾苗、豆苗)
桑sāng(蚕桑、桑叶、桑树)
场cháng(场屋、场院、打场)
谷gǔ(谷子、谷粒、稻谷)
粒lì(豆粒、米粒、一粒)
虽suī(虽然、虽说、虽是)
了liǎo (了解、了事、没完没了)


多音字:
场chǎng(操场)cháng(场院)
了le(开演了)liǎo(了解)

近义词:
肥——胖 耕作——耕种 辛苦——辛劳

反义词:
嫩——老 忙——闲 晴——阴 暖——冷
辛苦——轻松 笑盈盈——哭啼啼

理解词语:
农事:指耕耘﹑收获﹑贮藏等农业生产活动。
插秧:把水稻秧苗从秧田移植到稻田里。
蚕桑:即养蚕与种蚕。
喜洋洋:形容非常欢乐的样子。
上场:将新收割的谷物运到场上。
黄金:一种软的,金黄色的,抗腐蚀的贵金属。
笑盈盈:形容满面笑容的样子。

课内词语:
四季  农事  月光  辛苦  棉衣

句子解析:
1.夏季里,农事忙。采了蚕桑又插秧。早起勤耕作,归来戴月光。
可以看出农民夏季里正是农忙时节,早出晚归特别辛苦。

2.秋季里,稻上场,谷像黄金粒粒香。身体虽辛苦,心里喜洋洋。
这句话用了比喻的修辞手法,把稻谷比作黄金,表达了农民因粮食大丰收而无比喜悦的心情。

3.冬季里,雪初晴,新制棉衣暖又轻。一年农事了,大家笑盈盈。
反映出农民心里愉悦的心情,一年的劳作在秋季大丰收,冬季农忙完了,心里特别高兴。

课文主题:
本文是一首儿歌,按照春夏秋冬的顺序,描绘了农民一年的农事活动,赞美了农家人的辛勤劳动, 抒发了他们收获的喜悦之情。

问题归纳:
1.除了诗歌中的景物,大自然中还有哪些景物带来了春天的气息?
示例:阳光、河水、燕子、春雨等都带来了春天的气息。

2.你知道在夏天,还有哪些农事需要忙吗?
在夏天,还有耕田、锄草、施肥、排水、灌溉等农事需要忙。

3.从“又”“勤”“戴”这三个词语可以看出什么?
夏天是农忙时节,农民伯伯早出晚归,采了蚕桑又插秧,可以看出他们特别辛苦。

4.我们可以从这几句话中积累下面的诗句。
乡村四月闲人少,才了蚕桑又插田。
突晨兴理荒秽,带月荷锄归。

5.你喜欢冬天吗?冬天好玩的事情有哪些?
示例:喜欢。冬天好玩的事情有打雪仗、堆雪人等。

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