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教育头条 > 优师支招 > 孩子上课听不懂?听课效率差5大原因分析

孩子上课听不懂?听课效率差5大原因分析

优师支招 09-16 浏览量: 分享:
      大多数学生听课,总会遇到一个问题——明明自己很努力的听课,却还是听不懂,这是什么原因呢?三好网小编为大家分享听课效率差5大原因分析,一起看看。


 
听课效率差5大分析
 

一、能力发展水平
1、每个人听觉能力发展水平不同影响孩子的听课效率。
由于孩子的听课能力发展水平不同,听同一节课,不同学生消化知识量各有各的不同。听力发展水平差的孩子听课效率较低。

2、听觉分辨能力影响孩子的听课效率。
听觉分辨能力弱的孩子,容易出现发音不清、记错别人讲的话、对外界的声音反应迟钝、缺乏倾听的习惯和技能等问题,影响听课效果。


二、学科兴趣
如果学生对课堂内容感兴趣,大脑便处于兴奋的状态,使人自觉地集中注意力、充分地接收并加工教学内容,进而完成高效学习。


三、学习习惯
1、作息习惯影响孩子的精神状态。很多习惯熬夜的孩子常因精神疲惫而影响听课效率。

2、预习习惯影响孩子的知识储备。孩子可以通过课前预习对教学内容进行初步了解,做到心中有数,带着重点、难点听课。知识学习得快,理解得透,效率也就自然高了。

3、听课习惯影响孩子的听课状态。听课时要做到“心到”、“眼到”、“口到”、“手到”。
(1)“心到”是指上课时要专心致志,集中精力。
(2)“眼到”是指眼睛看着老师,以强迫自己集中注意力。
(3)“口到”是指要响应老师,大胆回答问题,大胆质疑。
(4)“手到”是指善于做笔记。


四、注意力水平
1、对于抗干扰能力差的孩子来说,任何风吹草动,都会分散他的注意力,遗漏知识点。

2、对于喜欢“一心二用”的孩子来说,“磨刀不误砍柴工”的观念促使他们一边听课、一遍娱乐,比如看课外书、听音乐、玩游戏、发短信等。

3、对于精神易疲劳的孩子来说,上课时间过长容易使其注意力分散、头昏脑胀、疲劳、学习低效。

4、对于注意转移能力差的孩子来说,不能根据实际需要立即改变注意目标影响了他们的学习效果。比如,上课时老师从一个内容转到另一个内容,他们还沉浸在前面的内容中,无法做到“思路跟着老师走”;或者上课铃响了,他们还在想着刚刚课间休息踢球的事,无法立即进入学习状态。


五、外部因素
除了上述内部因素,还有许多外部因素也会对孩子的听课效率产生影响。
1、教师的讲课方式会影响孩子的听课效率。
只讲理论使学生觉得枯燥乏味,只做习题容易造成学生大脑疲劳。只有将理论结合习题才能一举两得,既可以帮助学生巩固所学知识,有可以让学生掌握做题方法和技巧。

2、同伴的学习状态也会影响孩子的听课效率
俗话说“近朱者赤,近墨者黑”,学习氛围非常重要。如果周围的同学经常“不务正业”,很少有孩子还能做到专心致志。

家长朋友们,你们可以看看你们的孩子属于五种因素的哪种因素呢?可以多点了解,多点和孩子沟通,这样更有利于有针对性提高孩子学习的注意力。


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