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教育头条 > 优师支招 > 初高中生必读|不会听课才是导致中学生成绩差的主要原因

初高中生必读|不会听课才是导致中学生成绩差的主要原因

优师支招 09-16 浏览量: 分享:
坐在同一个教室里、接受同样的教育,有些孩子成绩非常好,有些孩子却学习很差。学习差的孩子比别人笨吗?

还有一些家长抱怨:“给孩子提供那么好的条件,报那么多辅导班,孩子就是不爱学习!”孩子真的是不爱学习吗?

 
孩子的学习成绩不理想最主要的原因是上课时孩子不会听课。同样是在上课,有些孩子利用的好,45分钟分分钟都没有浪费;有些孩子利用的不好,45分钟,真正起到作用的才刚刚一般,甚至更少。

学生上课听课不仅要获取知识,还要学习老师的思维方法,锻炼分析问题与解决问题的能力。那么该如何利用好上课的45分钟呢?别急!三好网小编整理了听课前、听课中、听课后注意要点及方法,希望对大家有所帮助!


一、听课前:做好预习

无论多大的孩子,课前预习都是非常重要的。通过预习,可以发现新课中的难点,等老师讲到时格外注意;可以掌握每节课的基本内容,快速跟上老师的思路,并积极回答老师的提问,从而保持积极的听课状态。积极且正确的回答老师提出的问题,对增强孩子的自信心非常有帮助,可以给孩子更多主动学习的动力。


二、听课中:注重理解

有些老师提倡:好记性不如烂笔头。导致部分学生上课拼命记笔记、抄板书。出发点是好的,但如果因为着急记笔记而没有理解老师讲的内容,课后需要花更多的时间去理解课堂上的内容,得不偿失。

上课时,首要的任务是跟上老师的思路,理解老师讲的内容。对于记笔记,可以遵循这两条原则:

1、宁可笔记记不全,也要先听老师讲课的内容。老师讲的较快的时候,记录老师讲的关键字,课后回忆老师讲课的内容,将笔记补全,这样还可以对讲课内容加深记忆。

2、重点记老师的分析思路与解题方法,板书作为辅助,作为加深印象使用,不能因为抄板书错过老师的讲解。


三、听课后:及时复习

有了前面的预习和认真听课,能保证孩子记忆和理解的深度。但遗忘是一种自然规律,对抗遗忘的利器就是复习。因此,在听完课后,海英及时复习以巩固当天所学的知识,并形成有计划性的复习习惯,从而将所学知识深深的印入脑海。

如果家长将以上的预习、听课和复习的方法传授给孩子,孩子听课的效率就会更高,成绩自然会更优秀。

有些家长可能会说,孩子每天有那么多作业要做,哪里有时间来预习、复习?

其实,学习成绩好的孩子和学习成绩不好的孩子的一个显著区别就是前者做作业快、效率高。同样的作业,成绩好的孩子10分钟就可以完成,成绩不好的孩子要花更多的时间来完成、检查、家长讲解等等。

如果预习了,听课效率就高,复习的时候加深记忆就快,作业做得也快。这是一个良性循环的过程。

而如果不做预习,上课时难免有些跟不上老师思路,课后要花更多的时间来理解,如果学习的内容没有掌握,做作业也会更吃力,占用的时间越长。这是一个恶性循环的过程。

都说天才的成功是靠百分之一的智慧和百分之九十九的汗水。现在的孩子都非常聪明,不要因为没有找到正确的学习方法而过早的给孩子打上“笨孩子”的标签。


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