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教育头条 > 小学家长 > 新学期开学|初一家长如何帮助孩子进行心理调适?

新学期开学|初一家长如何帮助孩子进行心理调适?

小学家长 08-13 浏览量: 分享:
告别了小学生涯的毕业生,怀着忐忑不安的心情憧憬着中学学习生活,同小学阶段和中学高年级阶段相比,初一学生面临较为特殊的挑战。为了帮助学生更好的迎接挑战,更好的适应初中的学习生活,三好网小编为初一的家长们提供以下指导和建议,详情如下:

 
一、抓住孩子学习心理,发挥学习主动性
学生在进入中学后,面对的是不同的老师和不同的风格。有些学生往往沉浸在小学老师的讲课风格中,他们觉得中学学习科目多,老师的语速、频率都与小学老师有所不同,很难很快适应。有些学生怀念小学老师温柔的声音,还有些则念念不忘小学的学习速度。
  

对于这种“怀旧”心理,原因有三点:
一是学习科目增多,
二是教材变化大,
三是学习方法上不适应。

家长应首先重视发挥孩子学习的主动性,帮助孩子学会学习,培养孩子独立、主动的学习习惯,提高自学能力;其次,帮助孩子培养好习惯,掌握好方法,即八个学习环节:制定计划、课前自学、专心上课、及时复习、独立作业、解决疑难、系统小结、课外学习。即先预习后听课,先复习后做作业,先独立思考,再请教别人,边学习边总结。孩子学完一个章节或一个单元后,就让他把新旧知识整理、归纳一下,完整地掌握知识。

二、陪伴孩子更好的渡过青春期,帮助他们走向独立
初中时期是情感的狂风暴雨期,这个时期初中生的情感起伏大、变化大并难以驾驭。处于青少年期的孩子心理发展特点之一是具有过渡性,他们自我意识增强,不再完全依赖父母和长辈的庇护,开始有了独立的倾向,心理学专家称之为“心理上的断乳期”。这是青少年心理发展逐步向成熟期的独立性和自觉性过渡。
作为父母,要做孩子的知心朋友,成为他倾吐心事的对象和安慰者。同时也应支持和鼓励孩子记日记,给他们提供多条解决心理矛盾的途径。随着孩子知识面的拓展、与社会接触面的扩大和经验的增加,他们开始希望独立,父母应以积极的态度,进行科学引导。

三、正面引导青春期“性意识萌芽”,促进身心健康发展
孩子进入初中后,随着年龄的增长,性意识有所发展和觉醒,在13 14岁前后,孩子的性意识逐渐增强,对异性的好感日益明显和增长,开始有意识地进行试探,了解性知识的渴望程度日益强烈,情感也日益丰富。他们渴望了解有关知识,这时家长不要恐惧,也不要回避,应有意识、有目的地看一些青春期生理卫生教育的书,然后适时、适度、适当地与孩子进行私下交流,也可以谈一些自己身体发育的情况,帮助孩子了解身体结构、生理卫生、心理需求,并引导他正视自己,有些想法是正常的,要会克制和疏导自我,使处于青春期的孩子性心理知识教育与心理发育同步进行。

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