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教育头条 > 初中家长 > 家长必看丨初中一年级心理特点及沟通方式

家长必看丨初中一年级心理特点及沟通方式

初中家长 08-11 浏览量: 分享:
孩子的心理特征会随着成长而变化,各个时期会呈现出不同的心理特点,掌握孩子心理,会让师生间、亲子间的沟通更顺畅,更有效。下面三好网小编整理了初中一年级心理特点及沟通方式,详情如下:


初中一年级

心理特征:

成熟性与幼稚性的统一,进入少年期,身体形态发生显著变化,身体机能逐步健全,心理也相应地产生变化,但童年和少年两个阶段之间是逐渐过渡的,初一学生刚刚跨入少年期,理性思维的发展还有限,身体发育、知识经验、心理品质方面依然保留着小学生的特点。

向上性与盲目性的统一,自我意识开始发展,有了一定的评价能力,也开始注意塑造自己的形象,希望得到老师和同学的好评,在学习和纪律方面会认真努力,力争给老师和同学留下好印象,但思维的独立性和批判性还处于萌芽阶段,神经系统调节能力较差,容易受外界影响,顺利时盲目自满,遇挫折时盲目自卑、泄气,有从众心理。

独立性与依赖性开始统一,不愿让大人管,但在学习和生活中遇到具体困难时,希望得到老师和家长的帮助。新鲜感和紧张感开始统一,新环境新老师新同学新学科感到新鲜。但不久后,由于学科增多,复杂性增强,课时延长,考试增多,教法和学法与小学不同,使其感到紧张。

加强养成教育,注意心理辅导自我意识的教育、情绪辅导、青春期教育。开展学习方法指导,学习习惯及时间分配等。还要注意不要放任孩子不管不问,不要严管不解决问题。

 
年级特点:

从六年级刚刚升入初中一年级,很多学生还以小学的学习方法和态度对待初中的课业,有些孩子会出现上课跟不上老师进度,明显感到学习任务加重,学习有些力不从心的情况。 


沟通方法:

1、关注适应性——从小学生转变为中学生,对周围的环境、教学的方法、生活的节奏都需要适应,适应的快慢,在很大程度上决定着学生初一甚至整个初中阶段的成绩,所以初一很重要的一件事情就是要尽快适应新的生活。

2、新的习惯养成——初一是打基础的年级,不仅要打好知识的基础,更要大号学习习惯的基础,重视“养成教育”,就是让学生尽快养成端正学习态度,养成良好的学习习惯、思维习惯,养成正确的学习方法,成功的养成教育史学生咋初中阶段学习成绩优秀的重要保证!

3、重视基础知识——课程的难度是渐进的,所以通常刚开始的时候,学生都会觉得比较简单,初一不要追求“难度”和“进度”,要重视基本概念的学习、剖析和应用,只有基础牢固,才有可能在整个中学阶段学得轻松而有成效。

 
最后:
以上初一阶段的分析只是相对而言,每个孩子都有其独特的心理发展特点!每个老师家长还需要在了解基本心理规律基础上,尊重每个孩子的个性发展!
 
 
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