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教育头条 > 初中家长 > 家长必读|初一新生家长要注意孩子的心理问题

家长必读|初一新生家长要注意孩子的心理问题

初中家长 08-11 浏览量: 分享:
今天,三好网小编为家长们收集整理了有关“初一新生家长要注意孩子的心理问题”的相关要点,希望可以给大家带来帮助,具体内容,如下述:


(一)初中生的“弱点”
学生知识的实有水准不能与新知识的起点合榫,或教与学彼此摸不着思路。

(二)初中生的“需要”
1、爱和成人关心的需要。对于“心理上的断奶期”的初中生,要从依赖成人抚养教育为主转变为独立从事各项活动的成年人,需要成人(教师、家长)的关爱和关心,得不到成人的爱就会使学生产生自卑感,担心失去成人的爱时会产生一种不安全感。
2、自尊和受他人尊重的需要。这个年龄段的孩子特别在乎别人对他的看法。
3、自主和独立的需要。进入少年期的儿童产生了“成人感”,他们不再像小学生那样以为家长和老师的话都是正确的,他们要求老师在学习上引导自己探索,在生活上培养他们的自主能力。
4、求知和学习成就的需要。学习是初中生的主导活动,它的状况如何,会影响其他活动。学习中取得好成绩是他们最大的需要。

(三)初中生的“变化”
1、更强调竞争。尤其是学习上的竞争。
2、两极分化越来越严重,因而出现部分学生厌学现象。
3、生理与心理的变化。
四)初中生的“不良心理”
1、逆反心理——这是一种与教育作用相斥的心理“对着干”。
2、称霸心理——这是一种为了展示自我的变态心理。
3、猎奇心理——这是一种生理与思想发展不协调的心理。
表现为:求知欲的异化,好奇心的变态,对心中偶像的过分崇拜,对异性的神秘感。
4、报复心理——这是虚荣心受到损害后所产生的一种病态心理。
5、模仿心理——这是心理不成熟的具体表现。如模仿影视剧中打斗、抢劫杀人、谈恋爱等。
 
(五)优秀初中生的表现
1、知识和技能:具有扎实的基础知识和基本功,能够适当应用学到的基本知识解决具体问题。
2、注意力集中:不容易分心,能在充分的时间里对一个问题集中注意力。
3、热爱学习:喜欢探讨问题和做作业,并乐于处理比较困难的问题、作业和进行争论。
4、情绪稳定:经常保持自信、愉快和安详,有幽默感,能够适应日常变化,不暴怒。
5、关心集体:乐于参加各种集体活动,助人为乐,和他人融洽相处,对别人不吹毛求疵。
6、兴趣广泛:对各种学问和活动都感兴趣。像艺术、书法、阅读、数学、体育和社会常识等。
7、坚持性:把指定的任务作为重要目标,并努力完成它。
8、善于口头表达:能使用众多的词汇表达一件事或一个观点。

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