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教育头条 > 两会教育议案 > 2020年两会:建议实行“一三制”弹性周休假制度,你支持吗?

2020年两会:建议实行“一三制”弹性周休假制度,你支持吗?

两会教育议案 05-23 浏览量: 分享:
“变高度集中的黄金周为每周(对个人为每两周)都有小长假的常态。”5月22日,全国政协委员、南京工业大学校长乔旭接受中青报·中青网记者采访时表示。

乔旭说,随着我国经济的持续快速发展,休闲消费成为人们日益增长的生活需要,但当下集中休假模式逐渐显现出公共服务压力较大、个人体验品质不佳、小长假频次较少等弊端,带来交通压力和安全隐患。为了让百姓大众拥有高质量假日,充分发掘假日经济潜力,助推疫情之后中国经济快速恢复,他建议在全年周休日总量不变的前提下,鼓励单位将相邻周末双休日“二二制”调整为小周末公休一天、大周末公休三天,即周末休息一天和三天交替进行,形成“一三制”弹性周休假制度。
 
 
 
据介绍,2019年“五一”假期全国旅游总收入高达1176亿元,“十一”长假全国餐饮零售总额达1.52万亿元,充分彰显内需市场潜力巨大和假日经济的引擎作用。

“新冠肺炎疫情之后,长途出境游热度会暂时降低,短途游、乡镇游有望成为新的经济增长极。”乔旭说,弹性休假制度下,由于单位确定大小周末存在随机性,一部分百姓会在周末公休享受三天“小长假”,“这样就可以发掘消费潜力,撬动消费内需,为疫情之后中国经济快速恢复注入强心针,也有利于助推健康中国、乡村振兴等国家战略的实施。与此同时,也能均衡旅游人流分布,提升资源效益,缓解交通压力,保障平安出行。”
 
这样的休假制度可行与否?乔旭提到,从国际看,多国错峰休假和弹性作息制度可供借鉴;从国内看,我国上世纪90年代曾实行大小周末制度,有一定社会基础,2015年,国办下发的《关于进一步促进旅游投资和消费的若干意见》提出鼓励错峰休假、弹性作息,现已有江苏、河北、浙江等10多个省份出台了具体办法。疫情之后,出于拉动消费的考虑,各地也纷纷出台相关细则,探索新休假模式。

为保证“一三制”弹性周休假制度发挥最大效益,乔旭建议工作中要明确科学制度设计,地方或单位、个人可以根据实际情况选择大小周末构成方式;建议提供有效制度供给,国家有关部门发布“一三制”弹性周休假的原则性规定,并预先试点运行,同时充分发挥国务院旅游工作部际联席会议制度,协同各相关部门修订配套的假期政策,形成各政府层级的协调联动机制,各地可根据实际情况出台具体规定;建议强化配套制度建设,加强科学管理,建立职工轮岗、周休假规划报备等制度,提升景区管理水平,完善交通、安全等假期社会管理工作,健全权益保障机制,发挥劳动监察部门、工会对休假权益的保障作用。

“政协委员不是荣誉,参政议政不是走过场,这是党和人民的信任与委托,是他们交予我的一份沉甸甸的责任。”为把人民群众的声音带到全国两会上,乔旭还在赴会前深入基层、深入一线,围绕国家创新驱动战略、地方社会经济高质量发展的关键问题进行广泛的调查研究,为参政议政、建言献策做了充分准备,针对化工行业高质量发展、通过拉动消费刺激经济以及高校协同创新工作提出相关提案。
 
来源:中国青年报

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