教育头条 > 初中英语 > 2020年中考倒计时60天|中考英语复习——阅读理解题型

2020年中考倒计时60天|中考英语复习——阅读理解题型

初中英语 05-23 浏览量: 分享:
每年中考英语阅读理解,题型多,考点集中,很多同学题目还没做心里就有些发虚。为了同学们更高效复习中考,三好网小编为大家总结了中考英语复习——阅读理解题型,一起来学习。

 

一.客观型阅读题型分析:

(一)主旨题
1. 主旨题的特点
①开门见山:首段或首句指出中心。
②中间:文章或段落中间给出中心。
③段末:文章末段或段落末句给出中心思想。
④不明确:根据各段中心或各句的内容进行总结,自己推断主旨。
2. 常见问法:
(1) 文章主旨题
        ①What is the main idea of this passage?
② Which is the best title of the passage? 
③ The main idea of the passage is _____.
④ This passage is mainly about _____.
⑤ In this passage the writer tries to tell us that_____. 
(2) 段落主旨题
①What does the first (second, third...) paragraph mainly discuss?
②From the first (second, ...) paragraph,we can learn that___.

(二)作者观点题和态度题
1. 作者态度题
①What is the tone (mood) of the passage?
②From the text we can see that the writer seems___? .    
③The author's main thought is that___.
④Which of the following can best describe the attitude of the author?
2. 作者观点题
①what does the writer think of___?
②According to the author, ___./In the author's opinion, ___.
③How did the writer feel...?
④What is the author's opinion (idea) about ___? 
⑤The author thinks (believes, suggests) that ___.

(三)词义 / 句意题
词义题的考查有两种:一是超纲词含义的推断,另一个是熟词僻义或在特定场合的意思。
1. what does the underlined word “___” mean?
2. The underlined phrase (word, sentence) “___” most probably means___?
3. The phrase (word, sentence) suggests___.
4. From the passage, we can infer that the word “___” is___.
5. According to passage, what is “___”?
6. When the author says that ___, he means___.
7. The underlined word “It” in the passage refers to _. 

(四)推理引申题
1. It can be inferred from the text/the last paragraph/the first sentence that___?
2. We can infer that___?
3. The author suggests in the passage that___?
4. What would be happy if …?
5.We can guess the writer of the letter may be a ______.
6.From the story we can guess ______.

(五)事实细节题
1. According to the passage/the author, who (what,where, which, when, why, how, etc)?
2. Which of the following is true/correct/ false/not included?
3. All of the following are (not) true, are (not) mentioned except___?
4. Choose the right order of this passage.
5
. From this passage we know ________.

二.任务型阅读题型分析:
1. 思维导图题:
核心词概括文章主旨;杜绝抄一段原文;注意时态、语态、词形变换。
2. 图表题:
      注意同义词和同义句转换;注意时态、语态、词形变换。
3. 回答问题:
① 一般疑问句:回答yes/no
② 选择疑问句:回答选择题干中的一个
③ 特殊疑问句:
How long ...?(问时间)回答:It takes me.../for+段时间
How often...?(问频率)回答:频率副词/once a week.../every day...
How many+可数名词复数...?(问数量)
How much+不可数名词...?(问数量/问价钱)
How old...?(问年龄)回答:18 (years old)/an 18-year-old teenager...
How far...(问路程)回答:It’s 5 kilometers/10 minutes’ walk...
How do you feel...?(问态度)
How do you like...?=What do you think of...?(问观点)回答:Great/I like it...
What does he look like?(问外貌特征)
Whose book is this?(问所属)回答:Mine/Lisa’...
Which is the way to...?(问路)
Where has he been?(问去哪里)回答:He has been to Beijing.
Why does she want to...?(问原因)回答:Because...


三.中考阅读理解解题思路:
1.读问题,找要点
先读问题,弄清考查要点,以便能带着问题看文章。
2.看全文,知全貌
快速浏览全文,掌握全貌,注意发现与问题有关的信息,如果时间紧,至少要扫视一下起首段和尾段。再把标题和文章内容结合起来想一想。
3.细读原文,捕捉相关信息词
① 抓住四个"W"和一个"H",把What (事件),When(时间),Where(地点), Why    (原因),How(经过)划出来。
② 抓住连接词及起关键作用的副词、代词、介词、插入语等。
③ 根据题意,初选答案。对那些明显的,有把握的题可以断然确定,不必把其余三个答案再作推敲而浪费时间:略难的题,应再查阅短文(不是重读一遍),迅速找出依据,予以排除。
④ 重读全文,核对答案
重读原文,仔细斟酌核对答案。在解完最后一道题后,如果时间允许,再将原文读一遍;用全文的主题思想统率各思考题,目的在于对所做答案进一步审查,以便减少失误。
⑤ 备注:
1. 过分绝对的答案通常不正确;
2. 答非所问(答案不错但不符合要求);
3. 注意因果倒置,偏离中心,偷换概念的答案;
4. 内容负面消极、不合逻辑的通常不是答案;
5. 常识判断:符合常识的不一定是答案,不符合常识的不是答案。

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