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教育头条 > 优师支招 > 期中考后如何制作和使用错题本?学霸都在用!

期中考后如何制作和使用错题本?学霸都在用!

优师支招 11-15 浏览量: 分享:
 
  期中考试结束了,无论成绩好坏,接下来如何学习才是最重要的。近段时间,三好网小编深入研究了每一届各省的状元学习心得,无一例外都会提到有一个错题本在身边!因此对于高中生,尤其是学理科的同学来说,错题本就是你通往理想大学的必备神器!好了,今天三好网小编就来说一下怎么样做错题本!
 
 

  一,错题本的制作

  每个人肯定都有听说,错题本对高考到底多么多么有用,对我们的复习多么多么有用。但是问题也来了,做错题本好像要用我们很多的时间,可能做完了还空看,那怎么办呢?今天学习哥从做错题本的方法出发,我们一起看看错题本怎么错才算做得对,做得好,切实可用。你觉得错题本不好用,可能是下面有些步骤没做好哦!

  二,制作错题本的步骤

  步骤1、把所有的练习册和试卷找出来;分学科按学期顺序整理;以学年或学期为单位装订在一起,最好能在外面蒙上一张封皮。

  步骤2、找6个档案盒或文件夹或手提纸袋;分别按照考试科目贴上标签(如:语文、数学)。

  步骤3、找6个大16开的本子,将高考科目写在本子的前面。

  步骤4、将本子纵向分成三栏,用黑色笔在最左边一栏,按照时间顺序抄写(或粘贴)所有的错题,连带做错的部分全部照抄。抄错题的时候,最好将以下信息也记录下来:(1)时间;(2)错题的出处(哪一次测验的哪一份试卷);(3)错题的分值;(4)扣分值。(以上工作可以请家长帮忙)

  步骤5、在本子中间一栏,对应抄写的错题位置,重新做题。

  步骤6、用红笔在本子的最右边一栏,仔细分析总结该题所涉及到的知识点、在知识网络中所处的位置、题型、解题 的思路和方法,该题出错的原因及应当掌握的重点。在总结出错原因的时候,不要简单地写诸如"马虎"、"粗心"、"没有复习好"、"试题出偏了"等这类似是 而非的理由,这种理由既骗别人,也骗自己!不要写考试发挥失常,而要写发挥失常的原因!比如是审题出错、运算出错、还是时间安排不当等等。

  另外,还可以准备6个档案盒或文件夹或手提纸袋,分门别类存放这一学年的各种练习和测验卷子。一个学科一个,以后无论是找起来,还是用起来都很方便。
 
 
 

  三,错题本的整理与归纳

  在考试结束后,要认真反思自己的错题,找出产生错误的原因,解决思维定势问题;要通过整理、分析、归类找出自己的错误类型和各类错误百分比或出错概率,分析出错的根本原因,为什么错了、当时是怎么想的、正确的解法是什么、以后应该注意什么;要注意老师的分析评讲,该题的引导语、切入点、解题的技巧、规范、步骤等等,并标注在错题旁。写出解题时的思维过程,与自己的思维障碍,找到思路突破的方法。

  可以依照这些数据制一张统计图,分析出现错误的原因,是答题失误,是思维方法型错误、还是知识型错误、运算错误,这是建立错题本最为关键的步骤环节,可以非常直观地发现你学习中的主要问题。

  经过一个阶段自查,建立一份个人补差档案。定期归类、整理,通过边查边改,重复犯的错误一定会越来越少。

  文章内容来源网络,不作为商业用途,如有侵权,请联系删除。
 

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