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教育头条 > 中考作文 > 2019年中考作文技法,记叙文专项训练——动作描写

2019年中考作文技法,记叙文专项训练——动作描写

中考作文 11-10 浏览量: 分享:

    中考记叙文主要以记事为主,也有不少写人的文章!通过一件具体的事来表现话题,是我们在写作构思时比较容易想到的一条途径。只是不少同学在具体写作时,往往又发现,写好一件具体的事并不那么容易。


  记叙文动作描写的方法是多种多样的。或精选富有特征性的词语简笔描写;或抓住人物连贯性动作具体描写;或作特写镜头式的描写;或运用修辞手法描写;或对比描写;或同时并现描写等。下面三好网小编特为大家整理了:记叙文专项训练——外貌描写,详情如下:

 
 
 
  1、特征法

  精选富于特征性、个性化的词语简洁传神地进行描写。

  在那山坡前,战经八九个回合,八戒渐渐不济将来,钉钯难举,气力不加。……那呆子道:"沙僧,你且上前来与他斗着,让老猪出恭来。"他就顾不得沙僧,一溜往那蒿草薜萝荆棘葛藤里,不分好歹,一顿钻进,哪管刮破头皮,搠伤嘴脸,一毂辘睡倒,再也不敢出来。但留半边耳朵,听着梆声。--吴承恩《西游记》

  点评:"一溜"、"不分好歹,一顿钻进"、"一毂辘睡倒"等动作描写只能属于猪八戒,其自私可笑的性格特征表现得惟妙惟肖。

  2、连贯法

  动作是无声的语言,是人物个性的符号。连贯地写人物一连串的动作,在动作群的刻画描写中可使人物形象站立起来。

  老家伙想掏出刀子撬一块金板下来,先把匣子往椅子上一放。欧也妮扑过去想抢回,可是箍捅匠的眼睛老盯着女儿跟梳妆匣,他手臂一摆,使劲一推,欧也妮便倒在母亲床上。--《守财奴》

  点评:其中的"掏"、"放"、"盯"、"摆"、"推"等动词构成连贯的动作群,深刻地揭示了葛朗台行动的内在动力--对金钱的强烈占有欲,从而使嗜财如命的守财奴形象跃然纸上。

  鲁达大怒,揸开五指,去那小二脸上只一掌,打的那店小二口中吐血,再复一拳,打下当门两个牙齿。--《水浒传》

  点评:这"揸""一掌"''一拳"连接动作,正如金圣叹在眉批中所批:"写鲁达阔绰,打人亦打得阔绰。"描写鲁智深的这些动作,做到了充分的性格化。

  3、特写法

  运用细致笔调使行为动作如影视中的特写镜头凸现于读者面前。

  老头儿放下了钓丝,把它踩在脚底下,然后把鱼叉高高地举起来,举到不能再高的高度,同时使出全身的力气,比他刚才所聚集的更多的力气,把鱼叉扎进正好在那大胸鳍后面的鱼腰里,那个胸鳍高高地挺在空中,高得齐着一个人的胸膛。他觉得鱼叉已经扎进鱼身上了,于是他靠在叉把上面,把鱼叉扎得更深一点,再用全身的重量推到里面去。--《老人与海》

  简评:作者把笔墨集中在处于特定时空的鱼叉上,"举"、"扎"、"靠"、"推"等动作构成精彩的特写镜头,使人从惊心动魄的搏斗中形象地体味到人的伟力、气魄和智慧。

  4、对比法

  书记官站起来,开始宣读起诉书。……结果他的声调就混合成不间断的嗡嗡声,听得人昏昏欲睡。法官们一忽儿把胳膊肘倚在圈椅的这边扶手上,一忽儿倚在那边扶手上,一忽儿闭上眼睛,一忽儿又睁开,彼此交头接耳。有一个宪兵好几次把刚要开口打呵欠的那种痉挛动作压下去。……玛丝洛娃听着书记官朗读,眼睛盯住他,时而呆呆不动地坐着,时而全身一震,仿佛打算反驳似的,涨红了脸,后来却沉重地叹了口气,把手换一个放处,往四下里看一眼,随后又凝神瞧着宣读的人。--《复活》

  点评:法官们"一忽儿"中变换动作所表现的漫不经心、草菅人命,与玛丝洛娃"震"、"涨"、"叹"等动作所表现的全神贯注、抗争无门构成对比,读者从中读出了沙皇统治下下层人民的苦难冤情和法律制度的虚伪、专制。

  5、反常法

  人物在某种条件下的反常动作,更能表现人物的性格特征。

  这尤三姐松松挽着头发,大红袄子半掩半开,露着葱绿抹胸,一痕雪脯。底下绿裤红鞋,一对金莲或翘或并,没半刻斯文。两个坠子却似打秋千一般,灯光之下,越显得柳眉笼翠雾,檀口点丹砂。本是一双秋水眼,再吃了酒,又添了饧涩淫浪,不独将他二姊压倒,据珍琏评去,所见过的上下贵贱若干女子,皆未有此绰约风流者。二人已酥麻如醉,不禁去招他一招,他那淫态风情,反将二人禁住。那尤三姐放出手眼来略试一试,他弟兄两个竟全然无一点别识别见,连口中一句响亮话都没了,不过是酒色二字而已……--《红楼梦》

  点评:尤三姐本是个自珍自爱的"出污泥而不染"的奇女子,可是,当她看到自己的姐姐已变成了贾珍、贾琏的玩物,这两个衣冠禽兽又将魔爪伸向自己时,她已经无法再忍受了。这时,她就一反常态,以泼辣和放荡来捍卫自己的尊严!这里,表现的是尤三姐的反抗性格,这一行动并不与她的本性矛盾。这就是反常行动对于表现人物性格的作用。

  6、并现法

  描写同一场面下各种人不同的动作,他们对待同一事物的不同的态度,这样更有利于表现人物的个性特征。如《红楼梦》中:贾母这边说声"请",刘姥姥便站起身来,高声说道:"老刘,老刘,食量大似牛,吃一个老母猪不抬头。"自己却鼓着腮不语。众人先是发怔,后来一听,上上下下都哈哈的大笑起来。史湘云撑不住,一口饭喷了出来;林黛玉笑岔了气,伏在桌子上嗳哟;宝玉早滚到贾母怀里,贾母笑的搂着宝玉叫"心肝";王夫人笑的用手指着凤姐儿,只说不出话来;薛姨妈也撑不住,口里茶喷了探春一裙子;探春手里的饭碗都合在迎春身上;惜春离了座位,拉着她奶母叫揉一揉肠子。地下的无一个不弯腰屈背,也有躲出去蹲着笑的,也有忍着笑上来替他姊妹换衣裳的,独有凤姐鸳鸯二人撑着,还只管让刘姥姥。

  点评:一段文字,一连写了8个人的"笑",同样是"笑",却是千姿百态,紧扣各人的身份和性格。这精彩的"笑"的动作大描写,非高手不能为。

  训练题目(选2题)

  1、写妈妈或者别人劳动时片段

  2、写某老师进教室到开讲前的动作。

  3、其它动作描写



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