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教育头条 > 中考作文 > 2019年中考作文技法,记叙文构思基本套路(一)巧用穿插

2019年中考作文技法,记叙文构思基本套路(一)巧用穿插

中考作文 11-05 浏览量: 分享:

   中考记叙文主要以记事为主,也有不少写人的文章!


  一般来讲,记事的文章,要着力对事件意义的探求,要在事件所具有的多方面的思想意义中找出最重要、最动人的"闪光点";写人的文章,要着力于对人物思想的发掘,要努力从刻画人物形象中表现出人物的"精神美"。为了中考记叙文的成功,必须高度注意构思的技能与技巧。下面三好网小编为大家介绍一种常用的、基本的套路,可以灵活地借鉴、运用,详情如下:

 
 
 
  巧用穿插
 

  穿插,是记叙文构思写作的基本套路之一。

  所谓"穿插",就是在记叙的过程中暂时中断叙述,有目的地插进抒情、议论、说明、描写等内容。在记叙文中穿插以上内容,有六个方面的作用:

  1、表达作者的感情、观点;

  2、表现人物形象;

  3、深化文章主题;

  4、变化文章结构;

  5、增强文章的感染力;

  6、使文章有很清晰的文面。

  从中考作文来看,在作文中巧用穿插,有两个特别重要的作用。

  第一、优化文面结构,

  第二、表现构思水平。而这两项对于提高中考作文得分是十分有好处的。

  1、穿插描写

  如《一面》在文中三次穿插了对鲁迅的肖像的描写。又如《孔乙己》中有十几处写到众人的"笑"。作者处处突出旁人的嘲弄、哄笑,在每一层描叙之后,都以"哄笑"、"笑声"一类语句作结,以至形成一种节奏,使"笑声"在小说中显示出独特的艺术力量。

  2、穿插议论或抒情

  如《谁是最可爱的人》,开篇运用抒情议论表达感受,揭示中心;然后每叙述一个故事,就用抒情之笔,穿插一段文字;结尾安排了大段文字,进行抒情和议论,进一步深化文章主题,激发人们的情感。

  3、穿插主题句

  如《白杨礼赞》在文中反复穿插"白杨树是不平凡的,我赞美白杨树"这样的句子,不断地点示着文章的主题。其实这种主题句也是"结构句",不仅极好地表达了作者的情感,而且也有机地组织起文章的结构。

  在以上内容的"穿插"中,最常用的最基本的手法就是"反复穿插"。可以说,没有"反复"就无所谓"穿插"。正是由于有了"反复",才能在"穿插"中形成文意的递进,才能形成前后内容的呼应,才能形成一唱三叹的感情波澜,才能清晰地显现出文章的思路。

  
 

  这是作家茹志鹃写的一篇的散文。作者以物喻人,通过对樟树高贵品质的描写和赞颂,艺术地表现了宋庆龄的高贵品质。作者布局谋篇的主要特点就是反复穿插了如下"结构句":

  上海宋庆龄故居庭前有两棵树。

  这是两棵樟树。

  这是两棵树荫很大的樟树。

  上海宋庆龄故居的庭前,有两棵树,有两棵荫凉大、不招虫的樟树。

  由于穿插了这4个句子,文章的结构清晰而又严密,文意层层递进且前后相互照应。

  在运用"穿插"的技巧进行记叙文的构思时,我们要:

  (1)注意侧重点,有的文章以穿插抒情为主,有的文章以穿插议论为主,有的以穿插描写内容为主,即使抒情和议论有时不能绝然分开,也应注意这个问题。不要有时抒情,有时又突发议论,破坏文章内容的和谐。

  (2)注意自然贴切。文中的抒情、议论、描写,都是有感而发,有的而作,都是建立在记叙的基础上的,因此不要为抒情而抒情,为议论而议论,无病呻吟,勉强凑合。记叙、描写、议论、抒情在文中要有机地结合、融为一体。

  (3)注意灵活适度。记叙文应以记叙、描写为主,不可本末倒置,让"穿插"占去大量篇幅,造成文章内容空泛。"穿插"一定要灵活、简洁、适度。

  练习

  用"穿插"思路完成下面的文题。

  1、老师的新招

  2、走进我的青春

  3、信的故事

  4、题目:我现在怎样做儿子(女儿)

  要求:①除诗歌外,其它文体不限;②不少于600字;③文中不得出现真实的人名、校名和地名。



  本文来源|一堂作文课,由三好网教育头条小编精编,如有侵权,请及时与我们联系,感谢您的阅读。
 

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