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教育头条 > 中考作文 > 备战中考作文攻略,2019年满分作文的6大秘诀

备战中考作文攻略,2019年满分作文的6大秘诀

中考作文 10-25 浏览量: 分享:

   中考作文如何得高分?作文是语文考试的重头戏,几乎一半的分值就表明了它的分量。它的成败极大程度上影响着语文的成败,而语文的成败又牵动着全局!下面在好网小编特整理了2019年满分作文的6大秘诀,赶紧收藏起来学习吧!

 

 

  一种体裁

  写记叙文,就好好把记叙文复习好。

  两个原则

  1、真实才能动情。真正能打动读者的,还是那些你亲身经历有真情实感的身边小事;

  2、妙语才能煽情。只有风趣幽默,生动活泼的语言才能让读者眼前一亮,读之使人不断点头默叹。

  三字要求

  1、稳:写好事,力求能够按照记叙文的六要素把事情交代清楚,开头结尾注意点题,结尾处要点明中心,稳定的发挥好自己的写作水平。特别是写作能力较好的同学,不要强求自己必须写出“惊世之作”来,考试作文能够发挥自己80%的写作水平就很了不起了。

  2、细:不要像电视剧情介绍那样的简单叙述,中间要加入环境描写、人物外貌、动作、语言、心理描写,能力好的同学再来些远近相衬、动静相映、侧面烘托、环境渲染、五觉描写,是文章细腻、动人。

  3、精:对于一般的同学来说,“精”体现在:

  (1)选择自己最拿手的内容;

  (2)写出自己最好的字;

  (3)采用自己最顺手的结构(总分结构或顺叙方式),力求发挥好自己的水平。

  对于写作能力较好的同学来说,“精”应体现在:

  (1)选择较有新意的、又是自己有把握写好的内容;

  (2)有漂亮的书写;

  (3)精心的安排好开头和结尾,适当的采用倒叙、衬托、联想、象征、描写、抒情、以小见大、欲扬先抑、渲染气氛、借景抒情、托物喻志、以物喻人的方法方式结构文章;

  (4)采用适当的修辞手法,特别是运用比喻、反复、排比、反问等手法,恰当的运用成语、引用格言名句,增添文采。

  四个流程(保住基本分)

  1、审清题意:千万注意,题意审不好,来个文不对题,哪就……应该先花2-3分钟看看作文题,然后在开始答基础知识题目。

  2、立好中心:至少指导自己想说什么,是喜欢、是厌恶?是感动、是反对?是快乐,是痛苦?是哲理、是深情?是赞扬、是批评?…………用一句话把它写在草稿纸上。

  3、选好材料:符合题目要求的、自己最熟悉的、能够写好的事。

  4、写好提纲:

  (1)用一句话写出中心内容和主题;

  (2)分清开头、中间、结尾各写什么?

  (3)打好开头、结尾的细稿,以及每段的开头句。

  接下来就是在试卷里写作文啦,要力求一气呵成,只要提纲和开头、结尾、段落开头的稿子打得好,一气呵成事不难做到的,思路顺畅了20分钟就可以把作文写好。

 

  五项技巧(赢得感情分)

  1、有一个灵活的头脑:造句法、筛选法、换题法。

  2、有一张可爱的脸蛋:书写要工整,自己的字能够写多好就必须写多好,不得使用涂改液,不得随意修改,特别是开头、结尾和段落的开头句,不能修改。

  3、有一双闪亮的眼睛:好的文题等于成功了一半。参见《话题作文的拟题方法》

  4、有一身漂亮的衣装:

  (1)一个最拿手的题材(适合自己);

  (2)一个好故事(好布料);

  (3)一个好结构(好设计);

  (4)一口流畅、优美的语言(好花纹、好色彩)。

  5、有几件精美的饰品:

  (1)倒叙、描写、引用开头(好发型)

  (2)结尾:议论反问式、含蓄余味式、赞美抒情式、哲理深思式、名言点睛式、联想做梦式、决心号召式(名鞋);

  (3)名言名句名作的恰好点缀(钻石哟);

  (4)用景物描写渲染气氛(如梦的纱巾)。

  六个大忌(莫丢冤枉分)

  一忌潦草涂改:书写要端正,千万别连文题都改,只改明显的错别字,将错就错,能够不改的就不改。

  二忌过短过长:字数一定要足,字数不足,写得再好也很难及格;字数不能太多,不要超出试卷中的作文纸,万般无奈之下,也只能在2行以内。

  三忌开头议论:还不如开门见山、直接点题开头的好,能来点环境描写,就先来点描写。

  四忌分段太少:4-6段为好,千万别少于3段。

  五忌文不对题:不说也知道会有什么后果。

  六忌选材太俗:别总是玩呀、救落水儿童呀、猫啊狗啊……

  七隆重忌一点:千万别把人写死了,也不能把人写成癌症。
 
 

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