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教育头条 > 高考作文 > 平语近人第三集解说词:国无德不兴,经典出处及解析

平语近人第三集解说词:国无德不兴,经典出处及解析

高考作文 10-15 浏览量: 分享:
     下面是《平"语"近人--习近平总书记用典》第三集《国无德不兴》经典出处及名句解析。同学们,跟随三好网小编一起来解读习近平总书记关于“立德”的主题思想,另外熟记经典名句为中高考作文增色。
 

  内容提要

  为人需要品德,从政需要官德,治国需要每一个人都有内化于心、外现于行的核心价值观。

  本集《国无德不兴》以立德为主题,主要阐释了习近平总书记关于"德"的论述,选取了总书记常用的"国有四维,礼义廉耻,'四维不张,国乃灭亡'""大学之道,在明明德,在亲民,在止于至善""修身、齐家、治国、平天下"等典故,从崇德--国无德不兴、人无德不立,明德--明大德、守公德、严私德,修德--勤学、明辨、笃实三个维度,通俗易懂地讲明总书记关于"德"的论述,是对我国传统道德思想的继承和发展。

  经典解析:四维不张,国乃灭亡。
 
     --《管子》

  2014年5月4日,习近平总书记在北京大学和师生座谈的时候,引用了一句古语"四维不张,国乃灭亡。"

  何谓四维?一曰礼,二曰义,三曰廉,四曰耻。

  "维"的本义是指系东西的大绳子,也引申为一切事物赖以固定的东西。而"四维不张,国乃灭亡",就是说治国有"礼义廉耻"这四大纲纪,而这四大纲纪一旦废弛了,国家就有可能面临灭亡。

  经典解析:大学之道,在明明德,在亲民,在止于至善。

  --《礼记·大学》
 

  2018年5月2日,习近平总书记又一次来到北京大学,这次他引用了《礼记·大学》中的这句话。

  "明明德"指的是彰显光明美好的德行。而"亲民",指的是要将这种光明、美好的德行推及到民众身上,然后共同达到道德修养的最高境界,也就是"止于至善。"

  所以说,习近平总书记引用的这句话,不仅是古代君子追求的最高境界,在今天,我们的教育、我们的社会风气,依然呼唤着这样一种具有良好品德修养的君子。

  习近平总书记曾经说,一个人只有明大德,守公德,严私德,其才方能用得其所。那么如何能做到明大德,守公德,严私德呢?

  大德讲的是国家之德。明大德对每一个人来讲就是要立志报效祖国。

  对共产党人来讲,守公德就是要践行党的宗旨,全心全意为人民服务。

  对党员干部来讲,私德不是私事,它事关党和政府的形象;私德也不是小事,它事关个人的荣誉和他的发展进步。

  经典解析:格物致知,诚意正心,修身、齐家、治国、平天下。
 
 

  --《礼记·大学》

  同样是在2014年5月24日,习近平总书记在和北京大学师生座谈时,还引用了这句经典名言。

  "修身、齐家、治国、平天下"常被概括为家国情怀。家国情怀也是对个人、对家庭、对社会、对国家要承担的责任。所以每个人都要从修德开始。如何修德呢?

  修德有三大要点,分别是勤学、明辨和笃实。

  勤学就是要向我们的优秀传统文化学习。

  明辨就是要善于明辨是非、善恶、美丑,善于做出选择。

  笃实就是修德就要落到实处。

  本文来源 | 微言教育/人民网/央视网,三好网教育头条整理编辑,如有侵权,请及时与我们联系,感谢您的阅读。
 

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