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教育头条 > 优师支招 > 《论语》中竟有115个成语典故,收藏背诵把!

《论语》中竟有115个成语典故,收藏背诵把!

优师支招 10-07 浏览量: 分享:
相关标签:《论语》成语典故

     《论语》,一部不朽之作,影响了两千年来的中华文明。书中的许多警句格言,被广为流传;而你可知道,出自《论语》的成语竟有115个之多!今天三好网小编把这篇文章分享给大家,值得收藏!

 

 

  A

 

  1.哀而不伤

 

  【解释】:哀:悲哀;伤:伤害。忧愁而不悲伤,形容感情有节制;另形容诗歌、音乐优美雅致,感情适度。比喻做事没有过头也无不及。

 

  【出自】:《论语·八佾》:“子曰:‘《关雎》乐而不淫,哀而不伤。’”

 

  B

 

  2.饱食终日,无所用心

 

  【解释】:终日,整天。整天吃饱饭,什么事也不关心。

 

  【出自】:《论语·阳货》:“饱食终日,无所用心,难矣哉!”

 

  3.北辰星拱

 

  【解释】:北辰:北极星;拱:环绕。北极星高悬不动,群星四面环绕。旧时比喻治理国家施行德政,天下便会归附。后也比喻受众人拥戴的人。

 

  【出自】:《论语·为政》:“譬如北辰居其所而众星共之。”

 

  4.比而不周

 

  【解释】:搞帮派,但是不团结。结党营私。

 

  【出自】:《论语·为政》:“子曰:君子周而不比,小人比而不周。”

 

  5.屏气凝神

 

  【解释】:屏气:抑制呼吸;凝神:聚精会神。形容注意力高度集中,违心一致。

 

  【出自】:《论语·乡党》:“摄齐升堂,鞠躬如也,屏气似不息者。”

 

  6.博施济众

 

  【解释】:博:广泛;济:救济。给予群众以恩惠和接济。

 

  【出自】:《论语·雍也》:“如有博施于民而能济众,何如。”

 

  7.博文约礼

 

  【解释】:博:金我,广;约:约束。广求学问,恪守礼法。

 

  【出自】:《论语·雍也》:“君子博学于文,约之以礼,亦可以弗畔矣夫!”

 

  8.不耻下问

 

  【解释】:乐于向学问或地位比自己低的人学习,而不觉得不好意思。

 

  【出自】:《论语·公冶长》:“敏而好学,不耻下问。”

 

  9.不得其死

 

  【解释】:指人不得好死。也表示对恶人的诅咒。

 

  【出自】:《论语·先进》:“若由也,不得其死然。”

 

  10.不舍昼夜

 

  【解释】:舍:放弃。不放弃白天和黑夜。比喻夜以继日。

 

  【出自】:《论语·子罕》:“子在川上曰:‘逝者如斯夫,不舍昼夜。”

 

  11.不亦乐乎

 

  【解释】:用来表示极度、非常、淋漓尽致的意思。

 

  【出自】:《论语·学而》:“有朋自远方来,不亦乐乎?”

 

  12.不在其位,不谋其政

 

  【解释】:不担任这个职务,就不去过问这个职务范围内的事情。

 

  【出自】:《论语·泰伯》:“子曰:不在其位,不谋其政。”

 

  1

 

  C

 

  1

 

  13.察言观色

 

  【解释】:察:详审。观察别人的说话或脸色。多指揣摸别人的心意。

 

  【出自】:《论语·颜渊》:“夫达也者,质直而好义,察言而观色,虑以下人。”

 

  14.成仁取义

 

  【解释】:成仁:杀身以成仁德;取义:舍弃生命以取得正义。为正义而牺牲生命。

 

  【出自】:《论语·卫灵公》:“志士仁人,无求生以害人,有杀身以成仁。”

 

  15.成人之美

 

  【解释】:成:成就。成全别人的好事。

 

  【出自】:《论语·颜渊》:“君子成人之美,不成人之恶。小人反是。”

 

  16.从心所欲

 

  【解释】:按照自己的意思,想怎样便怎样。

 

  【出自】:《论语·为政》:“六十而耳顺,七十而从心所欲,不逾矩。”

 

  D

 

  17.大动干戈

 

  【解释】:干戈:古代的两种武器。大规模地进行战争。比喻大张声势地行事。

 

  【出自】:《论语·季氏》:“邦分崩离析,而不能守业;而谋动干戈于邦内。”

 

  18.待价而沽

 

  【解释】:沽:卖。等有好价钱才卖。比喻谁给好的待遇就替谁工作。

 

  【出自】:《论语·子罕》:“沽之哉!沽之哉!,我待贾者也。”

 

  19.箪食瓢饮

 

  【解释】:一箪食物,一瓢饮料。形容读书人安于贫穷的清高生活。

 

  【出自】:《论语·雍也》:“一箪食,一瓢饮,在陋巷,人不堪其忧,回也不改其乐。”

 

 

 

 

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