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教育头条 > 优师支招 > 教育部发布: 2019年高考语文官方答题规范,做到多得分!

教育部发布: 2019年高考语文官方答题规范,做到多得分!

优师支招 09-28 浏览量: 分享:
  很多同学在考试后会有这种抱怨:自己答案正确却没拿到满分!其实是因为你忽略了答题的规范性。越是大型的考试对答题的要求就越严格,重大考试中的“不标准答题”会直接造成非知识性失分,尤其是高考。语文学科主观题目很多,答题规范的影响就越大,比如:文言文阅读、现代文阅读、诗歌鉴赏、名句默写、作文...今天随三好网小编一起看看高考语文教育部的官方答题要求,希望同学们有意识地“规范”起来,在2019年高考多得分!

 
 
 
  一,文言文阅读

  1.一读,划出难字,疏通文意;

  2.二读,要充分利用第六题的有效信息,理解全文;

  3.三读,以题解题,从已知求未知;

  4.实词考查题可使用“代入法”,信息筛选题一般采用“排除法”;

  5.翻译题直译为主,意译为辅,做到信、达、雅。

  二,古诗词鉴赏题

  1.首先要“五看”:看标题、看作者、看诗句、看注释、看题干,充分利用有效的诗歌信息;

  2.要学会“五步鉴赏法”,掌握正确的鉴赏流程:找出意象——领会意境——理解形象——把握感情——鉴赏评价;

  3.要弄清诗词类别,掌握一些常见修辞手法和表现手法;要掌握一些著名作家的典型的作品风格;

  4.答题思路及要领:审清题意——明确观点——阐释具体。

  三,名篇名句默写

  要求:精准把握,一分不丢

  四,现代文阅读

  (一)要特别注意一点:一定要先选题,后答题,一定要涂黑选题方框;要记住三句话:一要全面审题;二要规范答题;三要完整表达。

  (二)掌握答题要领

  1.快速解读,把握主旨。做题之前,必须读两遍文章。第一遍速读,摄取各段大概意思,整体认知;第二遍精读,画出过渡句、中心句等关键句,弄清结构层次。

  2.如何进行全面的解答。强调三点:

  A.回答问题,不能用比喻、拟人等形象化的修辞语言;

  B.综合分析,不能只答抽象的要点,要有适当而具体的分析;

  C.对应题旨,分点答题,不能遗漏答题要点,评分办法一般是“要点给分”。

  3.答题步骤:

  A.认真读懂题干,利用好题干中包含的信息揭示,快速确定答题范围

  B.查语境。记清“字不离句,句不离段,段不离篇”,把命题所涉及到的内容放回到原文中找准相关的信息区。

  C.看赋分,配答案。切记答案要点化,要点序号化。

  D.探究题注意“观点+理论论据+文本论据+现实论据”的模式,灵活运用。

  五,作文

  1.审题切中材料;

  2.题目切题、响亮;

  3.要至少三次点题,“三点成一线”;

  4.要引用二三句名人名言,增加论证力量;

  5.要运用两三个整句,增强文章的奔放气势;

  6.材料要做到新鲜典型;

  7.结尾要么点题,卒章显志;要么描写抒情,言有尽而意无穷。

  高考每门学科的答题其实都有自己的一套标准。只有知己知彼方能百战不殆,在高中的各种考试中,大家都要有意识地“规范”起来哦!

  本文素材来源网络,由三好网小编整理,感谢您的阅读与支持。

 

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