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教育头条 > 高中家长 > 15-18岁孩子有哪些心理问题?高中生心理问题防治攻略

15-18岁孩子有哪些心理问题?高中生心理问题防治攻略

高中家长 09-27 浏览量: 分享:

    中小学生中,心理问题多在小学及初中阶段累积,到了高中时期,孩子青春期阶段最叛逆的时期,也是性格塑造成型的时期,更是学习压力最大的时期。因此,高中生的心理问题大多容易通过各种表象被发现,也是心理问题高发时期。下面三好网小编特整理了高中生常见的心理问题表象,跟着小编一起看看吧!


 
 
  1、情绪化行为状态严重

  青春期是到成年的过渡期,青春发育期的生理剧变,必然引起中学生情感上的激荡、情绪不稳定,情感既丰富又脆弱。遇到一些刺激就表现为爱哭、爱笑喜怒无常;易急躁、易冲动自我失控;过度焦虑紧张、自私、狭隘;意志薄弱、承受挫折的能力比较差,遇到困难容易灰心丧气。

  2、自我封闭严重

  主要表现是趋于将自己日益丰富、复杂的内心活动封闭起来,沉默寡言、不喜欢笑、内向、不爱交流和交朋友等。这类孩子如果在消极情绪控制之下,封闭与外界的任何心理交流,这种表现是非常值得父母和老师注意的,长此以往,可能需要就医来治疗。

  3、极度缺乏自信,易受挫

  高中生由于正处于学习成绩比拼排名的激烈竞争时期,很容易受到学习成绩排名的刺激,差生容易受到优等生和学霸的智商碾压,即孩子很多时候觉得自己比那些成绩好的孩子差,觉得自己一无是处,甚至觉得自己人生无望了。而有些优等生由于一次两次的考试失常,没有发挥出自己的高水平,便受到刺激,一蹶不振。这类表现属于容易受挫,且容易被挫折打击,失去自信心,主要是由于心理脆弱、敏感、过度看重成绩和排名,也是我们通常所说的自卑心理。

  面对这一系列的孩子心理问题,家长怎么办?

  1、家长应该教会孩子只要拿出勇气正确地面对,积极地尝试,多一次失败,就多一次转机。消除自卑的方法是建立自信,设立适度的奋斗目标做自己能达到的事情,不断给他们肯定,学会让孩子正确的对自己作出评价。

  其实,只教他们这些是没用的,最能立竿见影的办法是:与孩子一起成长。这里的意思是想让孩子拿出勇气面对现实,那么你就要通过和孩子分享自己的困境或者挫折,让孩子跟你一起经历克服困难、重拾自信的过程,让孩子跟你一起体会朝着目标奋斗,并且达到目标所经历的艰辛困苦。这些都是为了让他们懂得,每个人的成功不易,需要有勇气去面对挫折,信心也是靠不断的前进获取的。

  2、由于高中生思维敏锐、理解能力强,如果说的有理有据,一定会使他们信服。在身教重于言教的基础上,要扩大他们的视野,使他们与社会有良好的接触,提高其心理上的适应能力。

  带孩子去旅游、参加各种社会活动、运动等都可以通过父母与孩子双方的交流来达到心灵契合的程度,然后父母所要传达的各种价值观、世界观、人生观就更容易被孩子接受和理解,而孩子也会以父母为榜样,去改变自己。

  3、教会孩子要正确对待问题。每个人都有优势,心胸开阔一些,不要斤斤计较得失,学会各得其所地看问题,才能从嫉妒的情绪中走出来。


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