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教育头条 > 高中英语 > 关于台风的英语介绍,台风相关英语词汇大盘点

关于台风的英语介绍,台风相关英语词汇大盘点

高中英语 09-18 浏览量: 分享:

   关于台风的英语介绍,台风相关英语词汇大盘点,不少关于台风名字的科普文也络绎不绝,台风的地理知识也了解过了,那么,台风用英语怎么说呢?你知道台风“山竹”这个名字用英语怎么说吗?一些关于台风的知识又怎么用英语表达呢?三好网中小学在线一对一辅导机构老师带你一起来看看关于台风有哪些英语知识吧!

  台风的英语知识

  上面我们介绍了台风的多个知识点,大家又知道台风的一些知识用英语是怎么表达的吗?一起来看看为你们整理的,还附上了翻译,很有可能会考到哦!

  【什么是台风?】

  Typhoon is a kind of tropical hurricane. The tropical hurricane is categorized in accordance the location: Cyclone (Australian and South of Earth), Hurricanes (in eastern International Dateline), and Typhoon (western Pacific Ocean and China Sea) every typhoon has its own name in alphabetic order. The main damages are caused by flood, roofing materials.

  台风是一种热带风暴。这种热带风暴根据发生的地点不同被分为:旋风(澳大利亚和南半球),飓风(日界线以东地区),和台风(西太平洋和中国海)每一种台风都有一个确切的名字,每一个名字都是按字母顺序排列。最具威胁性的就是飞物,结构的破坏和洪水。
 
 
 

  【台风的分类】

  Tropical low pressure: the speed of the wind is not less than 33kts per hour. The tropical low pressure can strengthen to violent wind, which is not destructive with a speed of 33kts per hour. But the typhoon-warning centre will sound the alarm when the speed is up to 25kts.

  热带低气亚:持续的风时速不低于33kts(海里)。热带低气压能发展成为强大的风暴,但时速33kts(海里)时不会给地面造成威胁。然而,当热带低气压风时速达到25kts(海里)时,台风警报中心会发出警报。

  Tropical storm: the speed of which ranges from 34kts to 63kts.

  热带风暴:持续的风时速分布在34kts到63kts。

  Typhoon: the speed of which ranges from 64kts to 129kts.

  台风:持续的风从64kts到129kts。

  Super-typhoon:the speed of which is up to 139kts or more. This kind of hurricane is destructive. Being prepared will minimize the damage to our guests and team members.

  超级台风:持续的风达到130kts或更强。这种台风威胁到生命和财产。做好防范措施能把对客人和员工的伤害降至最低。

  【台风山竹】

  Typhoon Mangkhut

  台风“山竹”(英语:Typhoon Mangkhut,名称来源:泰国。名称意义:是一种水果。)

  插播一条CNN报道:

  Philippines lashed by Typhoon Mangkhut,

  strongest storm this year

  今年最强台风“山竹”袭击菲律宾

  Super Typhoon Mangkhut slammed into the Philippines in the early hours of Saturday, bringing ferocious gale-force winds and pounding rains, as aid agencies warned millions are  at risk from rising flood waters and landslides.

  超级台风“山竹”在周六凌晨猛烈袭击了菲律宾,带来狂风暴雨。救援机构发出警告,数百万人正面临洪水上涨和塌方的威胁。

  lashed:/l??/ 鞭打;猛击

  slam:/sl?m/ 猛烈抨击

  in the early hours:凌晨

  ferocious:/f?'r????s/ 凶猛的

  gale-force:七级以上

  at risk:处于危险中

  made landfall :登陆

  Mangkhut was the strongest storm anywhere on the planet in 2018, carrying gusts of up to 325 kilometers per hour (200 mph) before it made landfall in Cagayan province, on the northern tip of Luzon, about 1:40 a.m. local time.

  山竹是2018年全球最大的风暴,当地时间凌晨1点40分左右,台风山竹在吕宋岛北端的卡加延省登陆,狂风高达每小时325公里(200英里)。

  【风级英文表达】

  说起风速,中文会只用数字分级,其实在英文中,每个数字分级的大风都有对应的英文单词:

  Breeze微风 < Gale大风 < Storm暴风 < Hurricane飓风

  0级

  Calm 风平浪静

  It is a fine and calm day.

  天气很好,没有刮风

  1级

  Light air 小小风

  A light current of air

  微风,轻风轻微的空气流

  2级

  Light breeze 微风

  A light ruffled the surface of the water.

  微风掠过,水面泛起层层涟漪

  3级

  Gentle breeze 和风

  A gentle breeze is flowing.

  和风习习

  4级

  Moderate breeze 轻风

  John came up with the ship hand over head, the moderate breeze giving him an advantage.

  约翰一下子就把船开来了,和风帮了他的忙

  5级

  Fresh breeze 清凉的风

  A fresh breeze puffed across the lake.

  凉爽的微风一阵阵吹过湖面

  6级

  Strong breeze 强风

  The palm trees wavered in the strong breeze.

  棕榈树在强风中摇摆

  7级

  Moderate gale 疾风

  The moderate gale prostrated many trees.

  疾风吹翻了许多树

  8级

  Fresh gale 大风

  And in a quarter of an hour it blew a fresh gale from the store.

  不到一刻钟,变成一股狂风从岸上刮来

  9级

  Strong gale 劲风

  The foremast carried away in the strong gale.

  前桅杆在大风中折断了

  10级

  Whole gale 狂风

  The house has been lifted the roof

  by the whole gale.

  房子被狂风掀掉了屋顶

  11级

  Storm 暴风

  She was born in the middle of a rain storm.

  她出生在一场暴风雨中

  12-17级

  Hurricane 飓风

  The hurricane destroyed the village.

  飓风把村子都毁掉了

  【台风相关词汇和句子】

  台风警报:issue a typhoon warning

  轻台风:Mild Typhoon

  中台风:Moderate Typhoon

  强台风:Severe Typhoon

  超级台风:Super Typhoon

  台风警报:typhoon warning

  台风警报:typhoon warning

  陆上警报:land warning

  海上警报:sea warning

  台风眼的英文:eye of the typhoon / storm、typhoon eye

  登陆:make landfall

  It will make landfall in Guangzhou.

  解除警报:lift

  The Mangkhut typhoon warning was lifted at 8 p.m.

  The trees wereleveled by the typhoon.

  树木被台风刮到了。

  The typhoon heavedthe sea into huge waves.

  台风使海面波涛汹涌。

  The latest reportssay the typhoon has now landed in Guangdong.

  最新报道,台风已经开始登陆广东。

  The typhoon hadspent its fury,butheavy rain from its outer layers could still affect us.

  台风逐渐减弱,但是它外层的强降雨仍将影响我们。

  “停工 & 停课”的英文有以下5种说法:

  1. The government has announced schooland office closures starting at 4 p.m. Tuesday. 政府宣布从礼拜二下午四点开始停工停课。

  2. The government closed schools andoffices today. 政府宣布今天停工停课一天。

  3. Because of the typhoon, school andwork were suspended. 因为台风的关系,今天停工停课。

  4. All flights and trains were cancelleddue to the typhoon. 因为台风,所有班机和火车班次都被取消了。

  5. School and work were called off dueto the typhoon on Monday. 因为台风的缘故,星期一停工停课。

  “正常复工 & 上课”的英文有以下3种说法:

  1. The government has announced schooland work continue as usual. 政府宣布正常上班上课。

  2. Schools and offices remain open in Yangxi. 阳西维持正常上班上课。

  3. We've just beeninformed that classes will be normal in the evening. 我们刚接到通知,今晚正常上课。

  【如何防台风】

  Stay indoors and keep calm.

  尽量不要出门。并且保持镇静。

  Keep informed. Listen to the radio or watch TV to get weather updates. In case of power failures, keep a battery-operated radio handy (with extra batteries).

  保持消息畅通。注意广播或电视里的天气情况播报。准备一个可以用电池的收音机(还有备用电池)以防断电。

  Prepare candles and flashlights. Stock up on food, potable water, batteries and first-aid supplies.

  准备蜡烛和手电筒。储备食物,饮用水,电池和急救用品。

  Secure or move inside outdoor items such as toys, bicycles, furniture, plants and anything moveable on the balcony. Move potted plants and other heavy objects away from windows inside as well.

  固定或收回屋外、阳台上的一切可移动物品,包括玩具、自行车、家具、植物等等。将盆栽或其他重物搬离窗户。

  Watch for leaks around windows and doors. If the wind is strong enough, water may be blown into your home even if the windows are closed. Have handy towels, rags and mops.

  检查门窗是否密封。如果风力过强,即便关了窗户雨水仍有可能进入屋内,因此需要准备毛巾和墩布。

  If the storm becomes severe, move into a hallway or area where there is the least exposure to external glass windows.

  如果风力过强,请远离窗户等可能碎裂的物品。

  In case of flooding, turn off the main sources of electricity, gas and water in your home.

  如遇洪水,关闭家中一切电源、水源、煤气。

  After the storm is over, check for broken glass, fallen trees and downed power lines which may present safetyhazards.

  台风过去后,仍要注意破碎的玻璃、倾倒的树或断落的电线等可能造成危险的状况。

  说起台风的知识点,才知道原来有这么多!最近你那里刮台风吗?小编要提醒大家的是,台风期间,尽量要待在室内或者安全的地方,不要随意外出活动,不要靠近大树或者一些高层建筑,防止受伤。
 
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