教育头条 > 高中英语 > 2019高考英语常考点预测:四大词性高频词归纳

2019高考英语常考点预测:四大词性高频词归纳

高中英语 05-15 浏览量: 分享:
高考英语完形填空以考察动词、名词、形容词、副词四大词性为主,今天三好网小编给2019年高考生带来英语考试文章中以上四类词中近义词的辨析与归纳,记住它们,高考想不得高分都难啊!
 
 

一,动词
 
1.“看”:look;see;watch;observe;notice;catchsightof;stare;glare;glance;glimpse;seeafilm;watchTV
 
2.“说”:telllsthtosb.=tellsbsth;talkwithsbaboutsth;saysth;speakinEnglish;whispersthtosb;informsbofsth;reason/talk/persuadesbintodoingsth;bargain;chat;repeat;explain;warn;remind;discuss;debate;figure;declare;claim;mention;admit;deny;describe;announce;introduce;complain
 
3.“叫”:cry;call;shout;scream;moan;sigh;quarrel
 
4.“问”:ask;interview;express;question
 
5.“答”:answer;respond;reply
 
6.“听”:listento;hear;pickup;overhear
 
7.“笑”:smile;laugh;burstintolaughter;burstoutlaughing
 
8.“哭”:cry;shedtears;weep;sob;burstintotears/burstoutcrying
 
9.“吃/喝”:eat/drink;sip;haveameal;havesupper;toast;taste;treatsbto;helponeselfto
 
10.“穿”:puton;wear;haveon;bedressedin;makeup;getchanged;beinred;takeoff;remove
 
11.“行”:walk;run;climb;jump;skip;slip;come/go;enter;move;drive;ride;fly;crawl
 
12.“坐”:sitdown;beseated;seatoneself;takeaseat,stand;lean
 
13.“睡/休息”:lie/onone’sback/onone'sside/onone’sstomach;stayinbed;havearest;takeanap;beasleep;bend;turnover;rest
 
14.“写”:dictate;writesth;describe;dropaline;draw;takedown/writedown
 
15.“拿/放”:take;bring;hold;carry;fetch;lif;put;lay;pull;push
 
16.“抓”:takeholdof;seize;grasp;scratch
 
17.“打”:hit;beat;strike;blow;attack
 
18.“扔”:throw;drop;fall;wave;shake
 
19.“送”:send;deliver;give;offer;seeoff
 
20.“摸/抱”:ouch;fold;embrace;hug;hold;inone’sarms
 
21.“踢/碰”:kick;knock;tip
 
22.“找/查”:find;lookfor;findout;discover/explore;huntfor;searchfor;seek,seekforinsearchof;searchsb;searchsp.forsth;check;examine;test;inspect
 
23.“得”:get;obtain;acquire;gain;possess
 
24.“失”:lose;belost/bemissing/gone;greatloss
 
25.“有”:have;own;conquer;occupy;possess
 
26.“无”:nothingleft;theremainingthing;disappear;bemissing/gone
 
27.“增/减”:rise/goup,drop;raise;bringdown/reduce;increase/decrease
 
28.“买/卖”:buy;purchase;afford;pay;payoff;payfor;sell;onsale;bargain;bill/cheque/cash/creditcard/notes/coins;discounts
 
29.“存在/消失”:comeintobeing;exist;appear;survive;live;show;turnup;disappear;die;dieout;passaway;beoutofsight
 
30.“变化”:develop;improve;become;grow;go+bad/wrong/sour;turn+colour;change/changeinto;reform
 
31.“成功/失败”:makeit;succeed;makeprogress;cometrue;realizeone’sdream;win;lose;failtodo;defeat;sufferloss;beat;turnsth.intoreality
 
32.“努力”:try/manage;makeefforts;attempt;doone'sbest;doasmuchasonecantodo
 
33.祝贺:congratulatesb.onsth.;celebrate;observe;gettogether
 
34.敬佩:admire;respect;showrespectfor/to;adore;envy;bejealousy
 
35.赞美/批评:praise;thinkhighlyof;blamesbforsth;sbistoblame;criticize/scoldsb.forsth.;havealowopinionofsb;speakillof
 
36.喜/恶:like;love;befondof;bekeenon;becrazyabout;adore;beinto;prefer;enjoy;dislikehate;ignore
 
37.到达:arriveat;reach;returnto;getto;stayinsp.;visit;leave;leavefor
 
38.受伤:hurt;injure;wound;cut;kill;drown;bleed;getburnt;sufferfrom;sufferaloss
 
39.损坏:damage;destroy;ruin;breakdown;crash;bebroken
 
40.修复:repair;rebuild;restore;fix;recoveroneself
 
41.“认识的过程”:feel;sense;guess;suppose;wonder;doubt;know/learnrealizeunderstandremember;befamiliarwith;recall;recite;applyto
 
42.认为;判断:think;believe;consider;find;feel;conclude;infer;doubt
 
43.想/考虑:thinkof…as...;thinkabout;consider;thinkover
 
44.支持/反对:agree;disagree;accept;receive;refuse;turndown;beagainst;elect;votefor/against
 
45.花费:sth/doingsth+cost;sb+spend+(in)doingsth;sb+afford+n/todosth;It+takes/tooksometime/money/energytodosth;sbpaysomemoneyforsth.
 
46.省/存钱:save/saveup;setaside;putaway
 
47.参加:takepartin;join/joinin;attend;competein/for/against
 
48.控告:accusesb.of;chargesb.with
 
49.救治/帮助:help/helpout;save/rescuesbfromsth.;treat;curesb.ofsth;aidsbindoingsth/todosth;helpsbwithsth;assistsbindoingsth
 
50.逃避:runaway;escapefrom;flee;hide
 
51.阻止/禁止:prevent/keep/stopsb.fromdoingsth;forbiddoingsth.;ban;prohibit
 
52.对付/处理:handle/dowith/dealwith/tackle/overcomesth;solve;settle
 
53.效仿:copy;imitate;learnfrom;learn
 
54.爆发/发生:comeabout;happento;takeplace;breakout;burstout;gooff;explode
 
55.安装/装备:fasten;fix;set;equip;bearmedwith;beequippedwith
 
56.追求:pursuit;ranafter;seekafter;chase;catchupwith;keepupwith
 
57.建议:advise;suggest;recommend;propose;urge;demand;persuade
 
58.打算:plan/intend/designtodo;begoingtodo/beabouttodo/willdo
 
59.似乎/好象:seem;appear;looklike;asif/asthough
 
60.开办/关闭:open;start;setup;close/closeup;end;closedown

二,名词
 
1.假期
 
vacation,holiday,springbreak,leave,twodaysoff
 
2.旅游
 
trip,journey,tour,voyage,travel,tourist,passenger
 
3.职务人员
 
clerk,secretary,passer-byfriend,minister,manager,waitress,guest,host,hostess,assistant,customer,adult,neighbor,relative,patient,vet,staff,crew,nurse,teacher,conductor,tailor,sailor,inventor,gardener,guard
 
4.餐馆/定餐/就餐
 
inn,restaurant,kitchen,menu,bill,order,tip,forkandknife,reserve/booktable,tastedelicious,salad,vegetables,fruit,tray,napkin
 
5.诊所/看病/服药
 
clinic,hospital,takeone’stemperature,takemedicine/pills,haveafever/flu/headache,doctor,physician,surgeon,specialist,patient
 
6.车站/机场
 
airport,onboard,missthetrain/bus,catchatrain,meetsb.
 
7.身体部位
 
arm,head,hair,brain,waist,back,shoulder,pulse,wrist
 
8.意志
 
will,courage,patience,determination,faith,effort,confidence,ambition,energy
 
9.才能/品质
 
talent,gift,ability,potential,intelligent,promising,smart,stupid,careful,proud,strict,honest,cold,serious,easy-going,learned,knowledgeable
 
10.优缺点
 
advantage,disadvantage,strength,weakness,merit,drawback,strongpoint,shortcoming
 
11.目标
 
aim,goal,intention,purpose,belief,faith
 
12.方式
 
means,method,way,manner,approach
 
13.身体素质
 
strong,weak,pale,sick,ill,well,slim,fit,cutweight,putonweight
 
14.图表
 
photo,picture,graph,drawing,table,line/bargraph,piechart,drawasketch(划草图)
 
15.文章
 
reading,translation,essay,poem,paper,novel,fictionarticle,magazine,newspaper,journal,diary,files
 
16.课堂
 
class,course,lecture,example,reason,message,notes,words,phrase,scholarship,degree,subject,question,trouble,difficulty,grades,comment,marks
 
17.学校活动
 
match,game,activity,holdameeting/debate/speech/ceremony
 
18.建议/观点
 
advice,suggestion,idea,proposal,view,recommandation
 
19.气候/天气
 
climate,weather,storm,wind,cloud,rain,snow,hotness,coldness,heat,warmth
 
20.交通
 
bytrain/bus/boatbike,onthetrain/bus/abike,driveacar,rideabike,givesb.alift/ride
 
21.习惯
 
habit,custom,practice(惯例)
 
22.感觉
 
sight,hearing,touch,smell,taste,sense
 
23.情感
 
feeling,emotion,anger,delight,sadness,sorrow
 
24.财富
 
money,possessions,wealth,belongings,fortunes,treasure,diamond
 
25.运动比赛
 
playground,trackandfiled,pitch,event,game,match,sports,player,coach,judge,jogging,weightlifting,volleyball,soccer
 
三,形容词和副词
 
1.immediateadj立即的,立刻的,马上
 
2.clearadj清楚的,清晰的
 
3.cautiousadj小心翼翼的
 
4.vividadj生动的,逼真的
 
5.exactlyadv①确切地,精确地②恰好地,正好地③(用于答语)完全正确。(的确这样)
 
6.fortunatelyadv幸运地
 
7.surprisinglyadv令人惊讶的
 
8.hardlyadv几乎不
 
9.insteadadv代替,相反
 
10.properlyadv适当地;正确地;恰当地
 
11.speciallyadv专门
 
12.reliableadj可靠的,可信赖的
 
13.simplyadv简单地;仅仅,只不过
 
14.namelyadv即,也就是
 
15.notnearly=farfrom=nowherenear远非,远远不,一点也不
 
16.patientadj耐心的;n病人
 
17.plainadj简单的,朴素的
 
18.familiaradj熟悉的
 
19.luckyadj幸运的
 
20.amazingadj令人惊异的
 
21.accidentallyadv①偶然地;意外地②附带地
 
22.silentadj沉默的
 
23.calmadj平静的,冷静的
 
24.secretadj秘密的
 
25.otherwiseadv否则
 
26.meanwhileadv期间,同时
 
27.besidesadv除…..以外还有
 
28.efficientadj高效的,有效的
 
29.flexibleadj灵活的
 
30.complexadj复杂的
 
31.smoothadj平稳的,光滑的,顺利的32.regularlyadv定期的,有规律的
 
33.sensitiveadj敏感的,体贴的
 
34.honestadj诚实的
 
35.confidentadj自信的
 
36.shyadj害羞的,羞涩的
 
37.thoughtfuladj①深思的,沉思的②富有思想的;经认真推敲的
 
38.lightheartedandoptimisticadj无忧无虑而且非常乐观的
 
39.neverthelessadj然而
 
40.privateadj私人的(privatecars)
 
41.personaladj个人的(personalbelongings)
 
42.uniqueadj唯一的,独一无二的;独特的
 
43.favorableadj赞同的,有利的
 
44.preciousadj宝贵的,珍贵的
 
45.essentialadj必要的,重要的
 
46.worthwhileadj值得的
 
47.physicaladj身体的,物理的
 
48.suddenadj突然的
 
49.merelyadv仅仅,只=only
 
50.rarelyadv罕见的
 
51.splendidlyadj极好地,灿烂地
 
52.increasinglyadv越来越多地
 
53.naturallyadv自然地
 
54.accurateadj精确的,准确的
 
55.ridiculousadj可笑的,荒谬的
 
56.urgentadj紧急的,急迫的
 
57.shallowadj浅的,肤浅的
 
58.frequentlyadv经常地,频繁地
 
59.especiallyadv特别地,尤其地=particularly
 
60.obviouslyadv显而易见=apparently
 
61.necessarilyadv必要地,必须地,必然地
 
62.generallyadv一般地,通常地
 
63.eventuallyadv最终,最后
 
64.adoptableadv可采用的,可收养的
 
65.acceptableadj可以接受的
 
66.availableadj可利用的,可使用的,可得到的
 
67.accessibleadj易接近的,易受影响的,可理解的
 
68.relativelyadv相对地,比较地
 
69.approximatelyadv大约
 
70.absolutelyadv绝对正确地
 
71.punctualadj守时的
 
72.gentleadj温柔的
 
73.neatlyadv整洁地
 
74.entirelyadv完全地
 
75.highlyadv高度地,非常地
 
76.stronglyadv强烈地,坚固地
 
77.extremelyadv极端地,非常
 
78.reasonablyadv合乎情理地
 
79.eagerlyadv热切地;渴望地
 
80.badlyadv很,非常
 
81.slightlyadv稍微,轻微地
 
82.equallyadv平等地
 
83.latelyadv最近
 
84.enthusiasticadj热情的;热烈的;热心的
 
85.energeticadj精力充沛的,有活力的
 
86.talkativeadj①喜欢说话的②多嘴的③健谈的
 
87.impressiveadj影象深刻的
 
88.traditionaladj传统的
 
89.practicaladj实践的,实际的
 
90.similaradj类似的,相似的
 
91.convenientadj方便的,便利的
 
92.soonerorlater迟早,早晚
 
93.moreorless或多或少,差不多,几乎
 
94.onceinawhile偶尔,时不时地
 
95.nowandthen偶尔,有时
 
96.willinglyadv情愿地
 
97.unexpectedlyadv出乎意料地
 
98.unwillinglyadv不情愿地
 
99.unforgettableadj难忘的
 
100.doubtfuladj可疑的;令人生疑的;疑心的;不能确定的
 
101.hardly/scarcelyadv几乎不
 
102.respectableadj值得尊敬的
 
103.respectfuladj恭敬的,有礼貌的
 
104.distinguishedadj著名的;卓着的;高贵的
 
105.complicatedadj难懂的,复杂的
 
106.awkward/clumsyadj尴尬的,笨拙的
 
107.previousadj以前的
 

精品回放

相关阅读

热门搜索

会员评论评论:0

热门评论评论:0