教育头条 > 高中英语 > 近五年考点统计:记住这些高频词,完形填空必得满分!

近五年考点统计:记住这些高频词,完形填空必得满分!

高中英语 11-16 浏览量: 分享:
  完形填空以考察动词、名词、形容词和副词为主,不仅涉及到对文章上下文语境的理解,更会考察对以上四类词中近义词的辨析。今天,把近五年高考英语完形填空中涉及到的这四类高频词总结出来,供同学们对比记忆!
 

  一. 动词

  1.“看”:look; see; watch; observe; notice; catch sight of; stare; glare; glance; glimpse; see a film; watch TV

  2. “说”:telll sth to sb.=tell sb sth; talk with sb about sth; say sth; speak in English; whisper sth to sb; inform sb of sth; reason /talk/persuade sb into doing sth; bargain; chat; repeat; explain; warn; remind; discuss; debate; figure; declare; claim; mention; admit; deny; describe; announce; introduce; complain

  3. “叫”:cry; call; shout; scream; moan; sigh; quarrel

  4. “问”:ask; interview; express; question

  5. “答”:answer; respond; reply

  6. “听”:listen to; hear; pick up; overhear

  7. “笑”:smile; laugh; burst into laughter; burst out laughing

  8. “哭”:cry; shed tears; weep; sob; burst into tears /burst out crying

  9. “吃/喝”:eat/drink; sip; have a meal; have supper; toast; taste; treat sb to; help oneself to

  10. “穿”:put on; wear; have on; be dressed in; make up; get changed; be in red; take off ; remove

  11. “行”:walk ; run ; climb; jump; skip; slip; come/go; enter; move; drive; ride; fly; crawl

  12. “坐”:sit down; be seated; seat oneself; take a seat,stand; lean

  13. “睡/休息”:lie /on one’s back/on one's side/ on one’s stomach; stay in bed; have a rest; take a nap; be asleep; bend; turn over; rest

  14. “写”:dictate; write sth; describe; drop a line; draw; take down/write down

  15. “拿/放”: take; bring; hold; carry; fetch; lif; put; lay; pull; push

  16. “抓”:take hold of; seize; grasp; scratch

  17. “打”:hit; beat; strike; blow; attack

  18. “扔”:throw; drop; fall; wave; shake

  19. “送”:send; deliver; give; offer; see off

  20. “摸/抱”:ouch; fold; embrace; hug; hold; in one’s arms

  21. “踢/碰”:kick; knock; tip

  22. “找/查”:find; look for; find out; discover/explore; hunt for; search for;seek,seek for in search of; search sb; search sp. for sth; check; examine; test; inspect

  23. “得”:get; obtain; acquire; gain; possess

  24. “失”:lose; be lost /be missing/gone; great loss

  25. “有”:have; own; conquer; occupy;possess

  26. “无”:nothing left; the remaining thing; disappear; be missing /gone

  27. “增/减”:rise / go up,drop; raise; bring down /reduce; increase/decrease

  28. “买/卖”:buy; purchase; afford; pay; pay off ; pay for; sell; on sale; bargain; bill / cheque / cash/credit card/notes/coins; discounts

  29. “存在/消失”:come into being; exist; appear; survive ; live; show; turn up; disappear; die; die out; pass away; be out of sight

  30. “变化”:develop; improve ; become; grow; go+ bad /wrong/ sour;turn + colour; change /change into; reform

  31. “成功/失败”:make it; succeed; make progress; come true; realize one’s dream; win; lose; fail to do; defeat; suffer loss; beat; turn sth. into reality

  32. “努力”:try /manage; make efforts; attempt ; do one's best; do as much as one can to do

  33. 祝贺:congratulate sb. on sth.; celebrate; observe; get together

  34. 敬佩:admire; respect; show respect for/to; adore; envy ;be jealousy

  35. 赞美/批评:praise; think highly of; blame sb for sth; sb is to blame; criticize /scold sb. for sth.; have a low opinion of sb; speak ill of

  36. 喜/恶:like; love; be fond of ; be keen on; be crazy about; adore; be into; prefer; enjoy; dislike hate; ignore

  37. 到达:arrive at; reach; return to; get to; stay in sp.; visit; leave; leave for

  38. 受伤:hurt ; injure; wound; cut; kill; drown; bleed; get burnt; suffer from; suffer a loss

  39. 损坏:damage; destroy; ruin; break down; crash; be broken

  40. 修复: repair; rebuild; restore; fix; recover oneself

  41. “认识的过程” :feel; sense; guess; suppose; wonder; doubt; know /learn realize understand remember; be familiar with; recall; recite; apply to

  42. 认为;判断:think; believe; consider; find; feel; conclude; infer; doubt

  43. 想/考虑:think of…as...; think about; consider; think over

  44. 支持/反对:agree; disagree; accept; receive; refuse; turn down; be against; elect; vote for/ against

  45. 花费:sth/doing sth+cost; sb+spend+ (in) doing sth; sb+afford +n/to do sth ; It +takes/took some time/ money/energy to do sth; sb pay some money for sth.

  46. 省/存钱:save /save up; set aside; put away

  47. 参加:take part in; join /join in; attend; compete in/ for/against

  48. 控告:accuse sb. of; charge sb. with

  49. 救治/帮助: help /help out; save /rescue sb from sth.; treat; cure sb. of sth; aid sb in doing sth / to do sth; help sb with sth;assist sb in doing sth

  50. 逃避:run away; escape from; flee; hide

  51. 阻止/禁止:prevent / keep/ stop sb. from doing sth; forbid doing sth.; ban; prohibit

  52. 对付/处理:handle / do with / deal with /tackle /overcome sth ; solve; settle

  53. 效仿:copy; imitate; learn from; learn

  54. 爆发/发生:come about; happen to; take place; break out; burst out; go off; explode

  55. 安装/装备:fasten; fix; set; equip; be armed with; be equipped with

  56. 追求:pursuit; ran after; seek after; chase; catch up with; keep up with

  57. 建议:advise; suggest; recommend; propose; urge; demand; persuade

  58. 打算:plan / intend / design to do; be going to do /be about to do /will do

  59. 似乎/好象:seem; appear; look like;as if /as though

  60. 开办/关闭:open; start; set up; close/close up; end; close down

  二. 名词

  1. 假期

  vacation,holiday,spring break,leave,two days off

  2. 旅游

  trip,journey, tour,voyage, travel,tourist,passenger

  3. 职务人员

  clerk,secretary,passer-by friend,minister,manager,waitress,guest,host,hostess,assistant,customer,adult,neighbor,relative,patient,vet,staff,crew,nurse,teacher,conductor,tailor,sailor,inventor,gardener,guard

  4. 餐馆/定餐/就餐

  inn,restaurant,kitchen,menu,bill,order,tip,fork and knife,reserve /book table,taste delicious,salad,vegetables,fruit,tray,napkin

  5. 诊所/看病/服药

  clinic,hospital,take one’s temperature,take medicine/pills,have a fever/flu/headache,doctor,physician,surgeon,specialist,patient

  6. 车站/机场

  airport,on board,miss the train/bus,catch a train,meet sb.

  7. 身体部位

  arm,head,hair,brain,waist,back,shoulder,pulse,wrist

  8. 意志

  will,courage,patience,determination,faith,effort,confidence,ambition,energy

  9. 才能/品质

  talent,gift,ability,potential,intelligent,promising,smart,stupid,careful,proud,strict,honest,cold,serious,easy-going,learned,knowledgeable

  10. 优缺点

  advantage,disadvantage,strength,weakness,merit,drawback, strong point,shortcoming

  11. 目标

  aim,goal,intention,purpose,belief,faith

  12. 方式

  means,method,way,manner,approach

  13. 身体素质

  strong,weak,pale,sick,ill,well,slim,fit,cut weight,put on weight

  14. 图表

  photo,picture,graph,drawing,table,line/bar graph, pie chart,draw a sketch(划草图)

  15. 文章

  reading,translation,essay,poem,paper,novel,fiction article,magazine,newspaper,journal,diary,files

  16. 课堂

  class,course,lecture,example,reason,message,notes,words,phrase,scholarship,degree,subject,question,trouble,difficulty,grades,comment,marks

  17. 学校活动

  match,game,activity,hold a meeting /debate /speech/ ceremony

  18. 建议/观点

  advice,suggestion,idea,proposal,view,recommandation

  19. 气候/天气

  climate,weather,storm,wind,cloud,rain,snow,hotness,coldness,heat,warmth

  20. 交通

  by train/bus /boat bike,on the train/bus /a bike,drive a car,ride a bike,give sb. a lift/ride

  21. 习惯

  habit,custom,practice(惯例)

  22. 感觉

  sight,hearing,touch,smell,taste,sense

  23. 情感

  feeling,emotion,anger,delight,sadness,sorrow

  24. 财富

  money,possessions,wealth,belongings,fortunes,treasure,diamond

  25. 运动比赛

  playground,track and filed,pitch,event,game,match,sports,player,coach,judge,jogging,weightlifting,volleyball,soccer

  三. 形容词和副词

  1. immediate adj 立即的,立刻的,马上

  2. clear adj 清楚的,清晰的

  3.cautious adj 小心翼翼的

  4.vivid adj 生动的,逼真的

  5.exactly adv ①确切地,精确地 ②恰好地,正好地 ③ (用于答语)完全正确。(的确这样)

  6.fortunately adv 幸运地

  7.surprisingly adv 令人惊讶的

  8.hardly adv 几乎不

  9.instead adv 代替,相反

  10. properly adv 适当地;正确地;恰当地

  11. specially adv 专门

  12.reliable adj 可靠的,可信赖的

  13.simply adv 简单地;仅仅,只不过

  14.namely adv 即,也就是

  15.not nearly = far from = nowhere near 远非,远远不,一点也不

  16.patient adj 耐心的;n 病人

  17.plain adj 简单的,朴素的

  18.familiar adj 熟悉的

  19.lucky adj 幸运的

  20.amazing adj 令人惊异的

  21.accidentally adv ①偶然地;意外地 ②附带地

  22.silent adj 沉默的

  23.calm adj 平静的,冷静的

  24.secret adj 秘密的

  25.otherwise adv 否则

  26.meanwhile adv 期间,同时

  27.besides adv 除…..以外还有

  28.efficient adj 高效的,有效的

  29. flexible adj 灵活的

  30.complex adj 复杂的

  31.smooth adj 平稳的,光滑的,顺利的 32.regularly adv 定期的,有规律的

  33.sensitive adj 敏感的,体贴的

  34.honest adj 诚实的

  35.confident adj 自信的

  36.shy adj 害羞的,羞涩的

  37.thoughtful adj ①深思的,沉思的②富有思想的;经认真推敲的

  38.lighthearted and optimistic adj 无忧无虑而且非常乐观的

  39.nevertheless adj 然而

  40.private adj 私人的(private cars)

  41.personal adj 个人的(personal belongings)

  42.unique adj 唯一的,独一无二的;独特的

  43.favorable adj 赞同的,有利的

  44.precious adj 宝贵的,珍贵的

  45.essential adj 必要的,重要的

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