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小学英语语法知识点归纳!

小学英语 04-25 浏览量: 分享:

小学英语语法知识点归纳!要想学好小学英语,并为以后的英语学习打下好的基础,那么英语语法的学习就很重要,因为学好语法可以避免小学生运用语言的盲目性,可以提高正确使用语言的能力。三好网在线一对一帮你归纳以下几点。

 

 

 

  1.人称代词

 

  主格: I we you she he it they

 

  宾格: me us you her him it them

 

  形容词性物主代词:my our your her his its their

 

  名词性物主代词: mine ours yours hers his its theirs

 

  2.形容词和副词的比较级

 

  (1) 一般在形容词或副词后+er

 

  older taller longer stronger, etc

 

  (2) 多音节词前+more

 

  more interesting, etc.

 

  (3) 双写最后一个字母,再+er

 

  bigger fatter, etc.

 

  (4) 把y变i,再+er

 

  heavier, earlier

 

  (5) 不规则变化:

 

  well-better, much/many-more, etc.

 

  3.可数词的复数形式

 

  Most nouns + s a book –books

 

  Nouns ending in a consonant +y - y+ ies a story—stories

 

  Nouns ending in s, sh, ch or x + es a glass—glasses a watch-watches

 

  Nouns ending in o +s or +es a piano—pianos a mango—mangoes

 

  Nouns ending in f or fe - f or fe +ves a knife –knives a shelf-shelves

 

  4.不可数名词(单复数形式不变)

 

  bread, rice, water ,juice etc.

 

  5. 缩略形式

 

  I’m = I am you’re = you are she’s = she is he’s = he is

 

  it’s = it is who’s =who is can’t =can not isn’t=is not etc

 

  6. a/an

 

  a book, a peach

 

  an egg an hour

 

  7. Preposition:

 

  on, in ,in front of, between, next to, near, beside, at, behind.

 

  表示时间: at six o’clock, at Christmas, at breakfast

 

  on Monday on 15th July On National Day

 

  in the evening in December in winter

 

  8. 基数词和序数词

 

  one – first two-second twenty-twentieth

 

  9. Some /any

 

  I have some toys in my bedroom.

 

  Do you have any brothers or sisters?

 

  10. be 动词

 

  (1) Basic form: am/are/is

 

  (2) 肯定和否定句 I am(not) from London.

 

  My eyes are(not) small.

 

  My hair is(not) long.

 

  (3)一般疑问句: Am I a Chinese? Yes, you are. No, you aren’t.

 

  Are they American? Yes, they are. No, they aren’t.

 

  Is the cat fat? Yes, it is. No, it isn’t.

 

  11. there be 结构

 

  肯定句: There is a …

 

  There are …

 

  一般疑问句:Is there …? Yes, there is./ No, there isn’t.

 

  Are there…? Yes, there are. /No, there aren’t.

 

  否定句: There isn’t …. There aren’t….

 

  12. 祈使句

 

  Sit down please

 

  Don’t sit down, please.

 

  13. 现在进行时.通常用“now”.

 

  形式: be + verb +ing

 

  eg: I am(not) doing my homework.

 

  You/We/They are(not) reading.

 

  He/She/It is(not) eating.

 

  动词 —ing 的形式

 

  Most verbs +ing walk—walking

 

  Verbs ending in e -e + ing come—coming

 

  Short verbs ending in a vowel + a consonant run –running swim—swimming

 

  14 一般现在时。

 

  通常用 “usually, often, every day, sometimes”。形式:

 

  肯定句:

 

  I go to school on foot every day.

 

  She goes to school on foot every day.

 

  一般疑问句:

 

  Do you jump high? Yes, I do. / No, I don’t.

 

  Does he jump high? Yes, he does. / No, he doesn’t.

 

  否定句: We don’t go to school on Sundays.

 

  My mother doesn’t like watching TV in the evening.

 

  15. (情态)动词can,must, should 后面直接用动词原形。

 

  eg:

 

  1. I / He / She / They can sing.

 

  2.You should keep quiet in the library.

 

  16. 一般过去时态

 

  (a) be 动词的过去式:

 

  I/He/she/it was(not)…. You/we/they were….

 

  一般疑问句was, were 放在句首。

 

  (b) 动词过去式:

 

  肯定句: I watched cartoons.

 

  She visited the zoo.

 

  一般疑问句: Did you read book last night? Yes, I did. No, I didn’t.

 

  Did she clean the desk just now? Yes, she did. No, she didn’t.

 

  否定句: They didn’t go the the part yesterday.

 

  He didn’t make model ships last week.

 

  (3)动词过去式的变化:

 

  规则动词的变化:

 

  Most verbs +ed eg. planted,watered,climbed。

 

  Verbs ending in e +d eg liked。

 

  Verbs ending in a consonant +y --y +ied eg : study—studied

 

  Short verbs ending in a vowel + a consonant eg: stop --stopped

 

  不规则动词的变化:

 

  is/am—was,are—were,do—did,have/has—had,make—made,fly-flew/u:/

 

  eat—ate,take—took,run—ran,sing—sang,drink—drank 等等

 

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